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DBMS > PostgreSQL vs. RRDtool vs. Splice Machine vs. TimesTen

System Properties Comparison PostgreSQL vs. RRDtool vs. Splice Machine vs. TimesTen

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NamePostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonRRDtool  Xexclude from comparisonSplice Machine  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLIndustry standard data logging and graphing tool for time series data. RRD is an acronym for round-robin database. infoThe data is stored in a circular buffer, thus the system storage footprint remains constant over time.Open-Source SQL RDBMS for Operational and Analytical use cases with native Machine Learning, powered by Hadoop and SparkIn-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Time Series DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score615.29
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score2.50
Rank#115  Overall
#7  Time Series DBMS
Score0.80
Rank#193  Overall
#91  Relational DBMS
Score1.71
Rank#137  Overall
#67  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.postgresql.orgoss.oetiker.ch/­rrdtoolsplicemachine.comwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.html
Technical documentationwww.postgresql.org/­docsoss.oetiker.ch/­rrdtool/­docdoc.splicemachine.comdocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
DeveloperPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerTobias OetikerSplice MachineOracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release1989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL199920141998
Current release14.3, May 20221.7.2, May 20193.1, March 202111 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoGPL V2 and FLOSSOpen Source infoAGPL 3.0, commercial license availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageCC infoImplementations in Java (e.g. RRD4J) and C# availableJava
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
HP-UX
Linux
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesNumeric data onlyyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.no infoExporting into and restoring from XML files possibleno
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard with numerous extensionsnoyesyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
in-process shared library
Pipes
JDBC
Native Spark Datasource
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C infowith librrd library
C# infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
Java infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
JavaScript (Node.js) infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
Lua
Perl
PHP infowith a wrapper library
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
R
Scala
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.noyes infoJavaPL/SQL
Triggersyesnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodespartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashnoneShared Nothhing Auto-Sharding, Columnar Partitioningnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsnoneMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoYes, via Full Spark Integrationno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoby using the rrdcached daemonyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpoints
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoAccess rights for users, groups and roles according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
PostgreSQLRRDtoolSplice MachineTimesTen
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More resources
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