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DBMS > PostgreSQL vs. RRDtool vs. Sphinx

System Properties Comparison PostgreSQL vs. RRDtool vs. Sphinx

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NamePostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonRRDtool  Xexclude from comparisonSphinx  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLIndustry standard data logging and graphing tool for time series data. RRD is an acronym for round-robin database. infoThe data is stored in a circular buffer, thus the system storage footprint remains constant over time.Open source search engine for searching in data from different sources, e.g. relational databases
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Time Series DBMSSearch engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score536.77
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score3.02
Rank#97  Overall
#5  Time Series DBMS
Score6.45
Rank#57  Overall
#6  Search engines
Websitewww.postgresql.orgoss.oetiker.ch/­rrdtoolsphinxsearch.com
Technical documentationwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manualsoss.oetiker.ch/­rrdtool/­docsphinxsearch.com/­docs
DeveloperPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerTobias OetikerSphinx Technologies Inc.
Initial release1989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL19992001
Current release12.3, May 20201.7.2, May 20193.2.1, January 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoGPL V2 and FLOSSOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial licence available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
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Implementation languageCC infoImplementations in Java (e.g. RRD4J) and C# availableC++
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
HP-UX
Linux
FreeBSD
Linux
NetBSD
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesNumeric data onlyno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.no infoExporting into and restoring from XML files possible
Secondary indexesyesnoyes infofull-text index on all search fields
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard with numerous extensionsnoSQL-like query language (SphinxQL)
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
in-process shared library
Pipes
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C infowith librrd library
C# infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
Java infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
JavaScript (Node.js) infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
Lua
Perl
PHP infowith a wrapper library
Python
Ruby
C++ infounofficial client library
Java
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby infounofficial client library
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.nono
Triggersyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodespartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashnoneSharding infoPartitioning is done manually, search queries against distributed index is supported
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsnonenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistencynone
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoby using the rrdcached daemonyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoThe original contents of fields are not stored in the Sphinx index.
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnono

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More resources
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Conferences and events

PostgreSQL Online Trainings
Online Training Courses, 4 May 2020 - 11 December 2020

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