DBMS > PostgreSQL vs. RDF4J vs. Sphinx
System Properties Comparison PostgreSQL vs. RDF4J vs. Sphinx
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
|PostgreSQL Xexclude from comparison
|RDF4J formerly known as Sesame Xexclude from comparison
|Sphinx Xexclude from comparison
|Widely used open source RDBMS Developed as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
|RDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.
|Open source search engine for searching in data from different sources, e.g. relational databases
|Primary database model
|Relational DBMS with object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
|Secondary database models
Graph DBMS with Apache Age
Vector DBMS with pgvector extension
|PostgreSQL Global Development Group www.postgresql.org/developer
|Since 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.
|Sphinx Technologies Inc.
|1989 1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
|16.2, February 2024
|3.5.1, February 2023
|License Commercial or Open Source
|Open Source BSD
|Open Source Eclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.
|Open Source GPL version 2, commercial licence available
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service
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|Aiven for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL for developers with 70+ extensions and flexible orchestration tools.
|Server operating systems
|yes RDF Schemas
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.
|yes specific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
|yes full-text index on all search fields
|SQL Support of SQL
|yes standard with numerous extensions
|SQL-like query language (SphinxQL)
|APIs and other access methods
native C library
streaming API for large objects
RIO RDF Input/Output
SeRQL Sesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
|Supported programming languages
|C++ unofficial client library
Perl unofficial client library
Ruby unofficial client library
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures
|user defined functions realized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes
|partitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
|Sharding Partitioning is done manually, search queries against distributed index is supported
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes
|Source-replica replication other methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system
|Foreign keys Referential integrity
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data
|ACID Isolation support depends on the API used
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data
|Durability Support for making data persistent
|yes in-memory storage is supported as well
|yes The original contents of fields are not stored in the Sphinx index.
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.
|User concepts Access control
|fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
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|Related products and services
|Redgate webinars: A series of key topics for new PostgreSQL users.
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|RDF4J formerly known as Sesame
|DB-Engines blog posts
PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2023 Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2022, defending the title from last year
Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2022, defending the title from last year
The DB-Engines ranking includes now search engines Technical Hurdles in Cloud Innovation: The PostgreSQL Database Creation Dilemma Knowledge Bases for Amazon Bedrock now supports Amazon Aurora PostgreSQL and Cohere embedding models ... Blog Theme - Details Oracle Introduces PostgreSQL Running Native on OCI OCI Database: Oracle Embraces PostgreSQL provided by Google News GraphDB Goes Open Source provided by Google News Switching From Sphinx to MkDocs Documentation — What Did I Gain and Lose Manticore is a Faster Alternative to Elasticsearch in C++ How to Build 600+ Links in One Month The Pirate Bay was recently down for over a week due to a DDoS attack Beyond the Concert Hall: 5 Organizations Making a Difference in Classical Music in 2018 | WQXR Editorial provided by Google News
Technical Hurdles in Cloud Innovation: The PostgreSQL Database Creation Dilemma
Knowledge Bases for Amazon Bedrock now supports Amazon Aurora PostgreSQL and Cohere embedding models ...
Blog Theme - Details
Oracle Introduces PostgreSQL Running Native on OCI
OCI Database: Oracle Embraces PostgreSQL
provided by Google News
GraphDB Goes Open Source
provided by Google News
Switching From Sphinx to MkDocs Documentation — What Did I Gain and Lose
Manticore is a Faster Alternative to Elasticsearch in C++
How to Build 600+ Links in One Month
The Pirate Bay was recently down for over a week due to a DDoS attack
Beyond the Concert Hall: 5 Organizations Making a Difference in Classical Music in 2018 | WQXR Editorial
provided by Google News
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