DB-EnginesextremeDB - solve IoT connectivity disruptionsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by Redgate Software

DBMS > PostgreSQL vs. Prometheus vs. SurrealDB

System Properties Comparison PostgreSQL vs. Prometheus vs. SurrealDB

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NamePostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonPrometheus  Xexclude from comparisonSurrealDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLOpen-source Time Series DBMS and monitoring systemA fully ACID transactional, developer-friendly, multi-model DBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Time Series DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Apache Age
Spatial DBMS
Vector DBMS infowith pgvector extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score638.91
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score7.33
Rank#51  Overall
#3  Time Series DBMS
Score1.04
Rank#180  Overall
#30  Document stores
#17  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.postgresql.orgprometheus.iosurrealdb.com
Technical documentationwww.postgresql.org/­docsprometheus.io/­docssurrealdb.com/­docs
DeveloperPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerSurrealDB Ltd
Initial release1989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL20152022
Current release16.3, May 2024v1.5.0, May 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Aiven for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL for developers with 70+ extensions and flexible orchestration tools.
  • PostgreSQL Flex @ STACKIT offers managed PostgreSQL Instances with adjustable CPU, RAM, storage amount and speed and several extensions available, in enterprise grade to perfectly match all application requirements. All 100% GDPR-compliant.
Implementation languageCGoRust
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesNumeric data onlyyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.no infoImport of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard with numerous extensionsnoSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIGraphQL
RESTful HTTP API
WebSocket
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
C++
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Deno
Go
JavaScript (Node.js)
Rust
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.no
Triggersyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodespartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsyes infoby Federation
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistencynone
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoyes, based on authentication and database rules

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesAiven for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL for developers with 70+ extensions and flexible orchestration tools.
» more

Instaclustr: Fully Hosted & Managed PostgreSQL
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

SharePlex is the reliable and affordable data replication solution for PostgreSQL migrations, high availability and more.
» more

Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for PostgreSQL and many other database management systems.
» more

CYBERTEC is your professional partner in PostgreSQL topics for over 20 years. As our main aim is to be your single-source all-in-one IT service provider, we offer a wide range of products and services. Visit our website for more details.
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
PostgreSQLPrometheusSurrealDB
DB-Engines blog posts

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2023
2 January 2024, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2022, defending the title from last year
3 January 2023, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2021
3 January 2022, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Conferences, events and webinars

PASS Data Community Summit
Seattle, Washington, 4-8 November 2024

Recent citations in the news

Synopsis of several compelling features in PostgreSQL 16 | Amazon Web Services
12 July 2024, AWS Blog

Managed PostgreSQL service provider Tembo raises $14M
3 July 2024, SiliconANGLE News

General availability: Azure Database for PostgreSQL - Flexible Server enhanced disaster recovery features
24 April 2024, Microsoft

Introducing OCI Database with PostgreSQL: Completing Our Cloud Database Suite for Every Need
14 November 2023, Oracle

A Complete Guide to PostgreSQL Tutorial With Commands & Features
4 June 2024, Simplilearn

provided by Google News

How to Monitor an Ubuntu Server With Prometheus: Collecting and Visualizing System Metrics
9 July 2024, Linux Journal

VTEX scales to 150 million metrics using Amazon Managed Service for Prometheus
10 March 2024, AWS Blog

OpenTelemetry vs. Prometheus: You can’t fix what you can’t see
29 March 2024, IBM

My Prometheus is Overwhelmed! Help!
24 July 2021, hackernoon.com

Consider Grafana vs. Prometheus for your time-series tools
18 October 2021, TechTarget

provided by Google News

SurrealDB is helping developers consolidate their databases
18 June 2024, TechCrunch

Multi-model database startup SurrealDB raises $20M and announces cloud beta access
18 June 2024, SiliconANGLE News

SurrealDB Raises $20M To Disrupt Big Data Industry
20 June 2024, Datanami

SD Times Open-Source Project of the Week: SurrealDB
10 May 2024, SDTimes.com

SurrealDB Raises $20 Million to Disrupt Database Tech; Introduces New Cloud Beta Access
18 June 2024, PR Newswire

provided by Google News



Share this page

Featured Products

Datastax Astra logo

Bring all your data to Generative AI applications with vector search enabled by the most scalable
vector database available.
Try for Free

Milvus logo

Vector database designed for GenAI, fully equipped for enterprise implementation.
Try Managed Milvus for Free

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

RaimaDB logo

RaimaDB, embedded database for mission-critical applications. When performance, footprint and reliability matters.
Try RaimaDB for free.

SingleStore logo

Build AI apps with Vectors on SQL and JSON with milliseconds response times.
Try it today.

Present your product here