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DBMS > OrientDB vs. Snowflake vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison OrientDB vs. Snowflake vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)Cloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured dataTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.98
Rank#81  Overall
#15  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#13  Key-value stores
Score106.72
Rank#13  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Score3.86
Rank#93  Overall
#48  Relational DBMS
Websiteorientdb.orgwww.snowflake.compingcap.com
Technical documentationwww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.htmldocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.htmldocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAPSnowflake Computing Inc.PingCAP, Inc.
Initial release201020142016
Current release3.1.9, February 20215.4.2, June 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageJavaGo, Rust
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)hostedLinux
Data schemeschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")yes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query language, no joinsyesyes
APIs and other access methodsTinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava, Javascriptuser defined functionsno
TriggersHooksno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resourcesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingyeshorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyesUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infocould be achieved with distributed queriesnoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes inforelationship in graphsyesno infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurableUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
OrientDBSnowflakeTiDB
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersShopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more

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More resources
OrientDBSnowflakeTiDB
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