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DBMS > OrientDB vs. Realm vs. Spark SQL vs. SQLite vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison OrientDB vs. Realm vs. Spark SQL vs. SQLite vs. Stardog

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)A DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core DataSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processingWidely used embeddable, in-process RDBMSEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualization
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Document storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.24
Rank#82  Overall
#13  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Score9.51
Rank#50  Overall
#8  Document stores
Score21.87
Rank#34  Overall
#20  Relational DBMS
Score128.65
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Score1.70
Rank#135  Overall
#12  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Websiteorientdb.orgrealm.iospark.apache.org/­sqlwww.sqlite.orgwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationwww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.htmlrealm.io/­docsspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.htmlwww.sqlite.org/­docs.htmldocs.stardog.com
DeveloperOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAPRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019Apache Software FoundationDwayne Richard HippStardog-Union
Initial release20102014201420002010
Current release3.1.9, February 20213.1.1, March 20213.36.0  (18 June 2021), June 20217.3.0, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoPublic Domaincommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaScalaCJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)Android
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
server-lessLinux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")yesyesyes infodynamic column typesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.yes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononono infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query language, no joinsnoSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supportedYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Server
APIs and other access methodsTinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
Java
Python
R
Scala
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava, Javascriptno inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessarynonouser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
TriggersHooksyes infoChange Listenersnoyesyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneyes, utilizing Spark Corenonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationnonenonenoneMulti-source replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infocould be achieved with distributed queriesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes inforelationship in graphsnonoyesyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infovia file-system locksyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoIn-Memory realmnoyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurableyesnonoAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
OrientDBRealmSpark SQLSQLiteStardog
Specific characteristicsNow a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
Stardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesRealm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
» more
Stardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosMobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersCathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsUsed by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsRealm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesSQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more
Navicat for SQLite is a powerful and comprehensive SQLite GUI that provides a complete set of functions for database management and development.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
OrientDBRealmSpark SQLSQLiteStardog
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