DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the first and only COTS deterministic embedded database management system for mission- and safety-critical hard real-time applicationsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > atoti vs. OrientDB vs. PostgreSQL vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison atoti vs. OrientDB vs. PostgreSQL vs. Stardog

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Nameatoti  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn in-memory DBMS combining transactional and analytical processing to handle the aggregation of ever-changing data.Multi-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)Widely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualization
Primary database modelObject oriented DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Graph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.38
Rank#258  Overall
#15  Object oriented DBMS
Score4.05
Rank#82  Overall
#13  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Score586.97
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score1.93
Rank#122  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Websitewww.atoti.ioorientdb.orgwww.postgresql.orgwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationwww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.htmlwww.postgresql.org/­docsdocs.stardog.com
DeveloperActiveViamOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAPPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerStardog-Union
Initial release20101989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL2010
Current release3.1.9, February 202114.0, September 20217.3.0, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree versions availableOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoBSDcommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageJavaJavaCJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")yesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.no infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLMultidimensional Expressions (MDX)SQL-like query language, no joinsyes infostandard with numerous extensionsYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Server
APIs and other access methodsTinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresPythonJava, Javascriptuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.user defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
TriggersHooksyesyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding, horizontal partitioningShardingpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMulti-source replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocould be achieved with distributed queriesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes inforelationship in graphsyesyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurablefine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
atotiOrientDBPostgreSQLStardog
Specific characteristicsStardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesStardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosStardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersBosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsStardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsA fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesInstaclustr: Fully Hosted & Managed PostgreSQL
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

CYBERTEC is your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia, Poland, South Africa and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide and is here for you 24/7!
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

ClusterControl: the only management system you’ll ever need to take control of your open source database infrastructure.
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more

EDB: Helping organizations get the most from PostgreSQL, Oracle Migration, High Availability, Security
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
atotiOrientDBPostgreSQLStardog
DB-Engines blog posts

Graph DBMS increased their popularity by 500% within the last 2 years
3 March 2015, Paul Andlinger

Graph DBMSs are gaining in popularity faster than any other database category
21 January 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

The Inexorable Rise of PostgreSQL
24 September 2021,  Matt Yonkovit, Percona (sponsor) 

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Conferences and events

Postgres Build 2021
Free Virtual Event, 30 November 2021 - 1 December 2021

Finished events

Latest Performance Features in PostgreSQL 14
On Demand Webinar, 14 October 2021 (finished)

PostgreSQL Performance Tuning Secrets
On Demand Webinar, 21 October 2021 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

Research Report Explores the Graph Database Market Size 2021 to 2028 | IBM, Microsoft, Oracle, AWS, Neo4j, OrientDB, TIBCO, Franz, OpenLink Software, MarkLogic, TigerGraph, DataStax – Puck77
24 October 2021, Puck77

Global Valuation of Graph Database Market Size & Share Will Reach USD 4,500 Million By 2026: Facts & Factors
7 October 2021, Yahoo Finance

Graph Database – Global Market Trajectory & Analytics by IBM, Microsoft, Oracle, AWS – Puck77
23 October 2021, Puck77

NoSQL Software Market Size and Key Companies – Amazon, Couchbase, MongoDB, Microsoft, Marklogic, OrientDB – The Manomet Current
21 October 2021, The Manomet Current

Document Databases Software Market SWOT Analysis by 2028: MongoDB, Amazon, ArangoDB, Azure Cosmos DB, Couchbase etc. – Puck77
24 October 2021, Puck77

provided by Google News

Google Opens Up Spanner Database With PostgreSQL Interface
13 October 2021, The Next Platform

PostgreSQL 14 improves open source database performance
30 September 2021, TechTarget

PostgreSQL 14 brings performance boosts
1 October 2021, InfoWorld

Open-source veteran PostgreSQL emits release 14: Tweaked, scalable, and ready to get heavy
1 October 2021, The Register

Postgresql 14 Is Now Available, Check The New Features
6 October 2021, Analytics India Magazine

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

PostgreSQL Database Administrator
HEB, San Antonio, TX

Software Programmer MKTS
Bank of America, Charlotte, NC

Global Practice Leader- PostgreSQL
Datavail, Denver, CO

Senior Machine Learning Engineer Remote Opportunity
MaxMind, Remote

PostgreSQL Database Administrator
EPAM Systems, Nashville, TN

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Couchbase logo

The modern database for enterprise applications. Build fast. Scale Big. Save more.
Get started today.

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

Present your product here