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DBMS > Oracle Coherence vs. RDF4J vs. Snowflake vs. Virtuoso

System Properties Comparison Oracle Coherence vs. RDF4J vs. Snowflake vs. Virtuoso

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameOracle Coherence  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparisonVirtuoso  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOracles in-memory data grid solutionRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.Cloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured dataVirtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
Primary database modelKey-value storeRDF storeRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Native XML DBMS
Relational DBMS
RDF store
Search engine
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.56
Rank#114  Overall
#21  Key-value stores
Score0.74
Rank#206  Overall
#9  RDF stores
Score96.42
Rank#13  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Score6.17
Rank#69  Overall
#11  Document stores
#3  Graph DBMS
#2  Native XML DBMS
#38  Relational DBMS
#2  RDF stores
#9  Search engines
Websitewww.oracle.com/­middleware/­technologies/­coherence.htmlrdf4j.orgwww.snowflake.comvirtuoso.openlinksw.com
Technical documentationdocs.oracle.com/­en/­middleware/­standalone/­coherencerdf4j.org/­documentationdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.htmldocs.openlinksw.com/­virtuoso
DeveloperOracleSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.Snowflake Computing Inc.OpenLink Software
Initial release2007200420141998
Current release12c, September 20167.2.7, May 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.commercialOpen Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaC
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Unix
Windows
hostedAIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyes infoRDF Schemasyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)yes infoSQL - Standard relational schema
RDF - Quad (S, P, O, G) or Triple (S, P, O)
XML - DTD, XML Schema
DAV - freeform filesystem objects, plus User Defined Types a/k/a Dynamic Extension Type
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyesyes infoSQL-92, SQL-200x, SQL-3, SQLX
APIs and other access methodsJCache
JPA
RESTful HTTP API
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
GeoSPARQL
HTTP API
JDBC
Jena RDF API
ODBC
OLE DB
RDF4J API
RESTful HTTP API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SOAP webservices
SPARQL 1.1
WebDAV
XPath
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languages.Net
C++
Java
Java
PHP
Python
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesuser defined functionsyes infoVirtuoso PL
Triggersyes infoLive Eventsyesno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resourcesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneyesyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with selectable consistency levelnoneyesChain, star, and bi-directional replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataconfigurableACID infoIsolation support depends on the API usedACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infooptionallyyes infoin-memory storage is supported as wellyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlauthentification to access the cache via certificates or http basic authenticationnoUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationFine-grained Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC) in addition to typical coarse-grained Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) according to SQL-standard. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
Oracle CoherenceRDF4J infoformerly known as SesameSnowflakeVirtuoso
Specific characteristicsVirtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
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Competitive advantagesPerformance & Scale โ€” as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
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Typical application scenariosUsed for โ€” Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
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Key customersBroad use across enterprises and governments including โ€” European Union (EU) US Government...
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Market metricsLargest installed-base โ€‹of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
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Licensing and pricing modelsAvailable in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
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Oracle CoherenceRDF4J infoformerly known as SesameSnowflakeVirtuoso
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