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DBMS > Oracle Berkeley DB vs. Spark SQL vs. TimesTen vs. Transbase

System Properties Comparison Oracle Berkeley DB vs. Spark SQL vs. TimesTen vs. Transbase

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameOracle Berkeley DB  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparisonTransbase  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWidely used in-process key-value storeSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processingIn-Memory RDBMS compatible to OracleA resource-optimized, high-performance, universally applicable RDBMS
Primary database modelKey-value store infosupports sorted and unsorted key sets
Native XML DBMS infoin the Oracle Berkeley DB XML version
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.86
Rank#99  Overall
#18  Key-value stores
#3  Native XML DBMS
Score22.94
Rank#34  Overall
#20  Relational DBMS
Score1.85
Rank#125  Overall
#60  Relational DBMS
Score0.22
Rank#285  Overall
#132  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­berkeleydb/­overview/­index.htmlspark.apache.org/­sqlwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.htmlwww.transaction.de/­en/­solutions/­transbase-resource-optimized-high-performance-database
Technical documentationdocs.oracle.com/­cd/­E17076_05/­html/­index.htmlspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.htmldocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1www.transaction.de/­en/­transbase-inside
DeveloperOracle infooriginally developed by Sleepycat, which was acquired by OracleApache Software FoundationOracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005Transaction Software GmbH
Initial release1994201419981987
Current release18.1.40, May 20203.1.1, March 202111 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)Transbase 8.4, September 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infocommercial license availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialcommercial infofree development license
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC, Java, C++ (depending on the Berkeley DB edition)ScalaC and C++
Server operating systemsAIX
Android
FreeBSD
iOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infoonly with the Berkeley DB XML editionnonono
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoSQL interfaced based on SQLite is availableSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyesyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languages.Net infoFigaro is a .Net framework assembly that extends Berkeley DB XML into an embeddable database engine for .NET
others infoThird-party libraries to manipulate Berkeley DB files are available for many languages
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Perl
Python
Tcl
Java
Python
R
Scala
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Kotlin
Objective-C
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoPL/SQLyes
Triggersyes infoonly for the SQL APInonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneyes, utilizing Spark Corenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationnoneMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDyes
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpointsyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlnonofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Oracle Berkeley DBSpark SQLTimesTenTransbase
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