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DBMS > Oracle Berkeley DB vs. RocksDB vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison Oracle Berkeley DB vs. RocksDB vs. SQLite

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameOracle Berkeley DB  Xexclude from comparisonRocksDB  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWidely used in-process key-value storeEmbeddable persistent key-value store optimized for fast storage (flash and RAM)Widely used embeddable, in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelKey-value store infosupports sorted and unsorted key sets
Native XML DBMS infoin the Oracle Berkeley DB XML version
Key-value storeRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.52
Rank#114  Overall
#20  Key-value stores
#3  Native XML DBMS
Score4.00
Rank#84  Overall
#11  Key-value stores
Score116.01
Rank#10  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­berkeleydb.htmlrocksdb.orgwww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationdocs.oracle.com/­cd/­E17076_05/­html/­index.htmlgithub.com/­facebook/­rocksdb/­wikiwww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperOracle infooriginally developed by Sleepycat, which was acquired by OracleFacebook, Inc.Dwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release199420132000
Current release18.1.40, May 20208.11.4, April 20243.45.3  (15 April 2024), April 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infocommercial license availableOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC, Java, C++ (depending on the Berkeley DB edition)C++C
Server operating systemsAIX
Android
FreeBSD
iOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
Linuxserver-less
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenonoyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infoonly with the Berkeley DB XML editionnono
Secondary indexesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoSQL interfaced based on SQLite is availablenoyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsC++ API
Java API
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languages.Net infoFigaro is a .Net framework assembly that extends Berkeley DB XML into an embeddable database engine for .NET
others infoThird-party libraries to manipulate Berkeley DB files are available for many languages
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Perl
Python
Tcl
C
C++
Go
Java
Perl
Python
Ruby
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonono
Triggersyes infoonly for the SQL APIyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioningnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationyesnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyesACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnonono

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Related products and services
3rd partiesSpeedb: A high performance RocksDB-compliant key-value store optimized for write-intensive workloads.
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Navicat for SQLite is a powerful and comprehensive SQLite GUI that provides a complete set of functions for database management and development.
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More resources
Oracle Berkeley DBRocksDBSQLite
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