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DBMS > Oracle Berkeley DB vs. Redis vs. XTDB

System Properties Comparison Oracle Berkeley DB vs. Redis vs. XTDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameOracle Berkeley DB  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparisonXTDB infoformerly named Crux  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWidely used in-process key-value storePopular in-memory data platform used as a cache, message broker, and database that can be deployed on-premises, across clouds, and hybrid environments infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.A general purpose database with bitemporal SQL and Datalog and graph queries
Primary database modelKey-value store infosupports sorted and unsorted key sets
Native XML DBMS infoin the Oracle Berkeley DB XML version
Key-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistenceDocument store
Secondary database modelsDocument store infowith RedisJSON
Graph DBMS infowith RedisGraph
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infowith RediSearch
Time Series DBMS infowith RedisTimeSeries
Vector DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.52
Rank#114  Overall
#20  Key-value stores
#3  Native XML DBMS
Score156.44
Rank#6  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Score0.09
Rank#351  Overall
#47  Document stores
Websitewww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­berkeleydb.htmlredis.com
redis.io
github.com/­xtdb/­xtdb
www.xtdb.com
Technical documentationdocs.oracle.com/­cd/­E17076_05/­html/­index.htmldocs.redis.com/­latest/­index.html
redis.io/­docs
www.xtdb.com/­docs
DeveloperOracle infooriginally developed by Sleepycat, which was acquired by OracleRedis project core team, inspired by Salvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis Inc.Juxt Ltd.
Initial release199420092019
Current release18.1.40, May 20207.2.4, January 20241.19, September 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infocommercial license availableOpen Source infosource-available extensions (modules), commercial licenses for Redis EnterpriseOpen Source infoMIT License
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Aiven for Redis: Fully managed in-memory key-value store for all your caching and speedy lookup needs.
Implementation languageC, Java, C++ (depending on the Berkeley DB edition)CClojure
Server operating systemsAIX
Android
FreeBSD
iOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
All OS with a Java 8 (and higher) VM
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenopartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexesyes, extensible-data-notation format
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infoonly with the Berkeley DB XML editionnono
Secondary indexesyesyes infowith RediSearch moduleyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoSQL interfaced based on SQLite is availablewith RediSQL modulelimited SQL, making use of Apache Calcite
APIs and other access methodsproprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization ProtocolHTTP REST
JDBC
Supported programming languages.Net infoFigaro is a .Net framework assembly that extends Berkeley DB XML into an embeddable database engine for .NET
others infoThird-party libraries to manipulate Berkeley DB files are available for many languages
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Perl
Python
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
Clojure
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoLua; Redis Functions coming in Redis 7 (slides and Github)no
Triggersyes infoonly for the SQL APIpublish/subscribe channels provide some trigger functionality; RedisGearsno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoAutomatic hash-based sharding with support for hash-tags for manual shardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationMulti-source replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
Source-replica replication infoChained replication is supported
yes, each node contains all data
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnothrough RedisGearsno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Causal consistency can be enabled in Active-Active databases
Strong consistency with Redis Raft
Strong eventual consistency with Active-Active
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDAtomic execution of command blocks and scripts and optimistic lockingACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoData access is serialized by the serveryes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logsyes, flexibel persistency by using storage technologies like Apache Kafka, RocksDB or LMDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnoAccess Control Lists (ACLs): redis.io/­docs/­management/­security/­acl
LDAP and Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) for Redis Enterprise
Mutual TLS authentication: redis.io/­docs/­management/­security/­encryption
Password-based authentication

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3rd partiesAiven for Redis: Fully managed in-memory key-value store for all your caching and speedy lookup needs.
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More resources
Oracle Berkeley DBRedisXTDB infoformerly named Crux
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