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DBMS > Oracle vs. Spark SQL vs. TimesTen

System Properties Comparison Oracle vs. Spark SQL vs. TimesTen

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameOracle  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWidely used RDBMSSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processingIn-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Vector DBMS infosince Oracle 23
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1244.08
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score18.04
Rank#33  Overall
#20  Relational DBMS
Score1.36
Rank#161  Overall
#75  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.oracle.com/­databasespark.apache.org/­sqlwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.html
Technical documentationdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasespark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.htmldocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
DeveloperOracleApache Software FoundationOracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release198020141998
Current release23c, September 20233.5.0 ( 2.13), September 202311 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC and C++Scala
Server operating systemsAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Linux
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Java
Python
R
Scala
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possiblenoPL/SQL
Triggersyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding, horizontal partitioningyes, utilizing Spark Corenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
noneMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infocan be realized in PL/SQLno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoisolation level can be parameterizednoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpoints
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
OracleSpark SQLTimesTen
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Conferences, events and webinars

Oracle Cloud World
Las Vegas, 9-12 September 2024

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