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DBMS > Oracle vs. Spark SQL

System Properties Comparison Oracle vs. Spark SQL

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Our visitors often compare Oracle and Spark SQL with Microsoft SQL Server, PostgreSQL and MySQL.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameOracle  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWidely used RDBMSSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processing
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1247.52
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score19.74
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.oracle.com/­databasespark.apache.org/­sql
Technical documentationdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasespark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.html
DeveloperOracleApache Software Foundation
Initial release19802014
Current release21c, January 20213.3.0 ( 2.13), June 2022
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC and C++Scala
Server operating systemsAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Java
Python
R
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleno
Triggersyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding, horizontal partitioningyes, utilizing Spark Core
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'no
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno

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