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DBMS > Oracle vs. Snowflake vs. Teradata

System Properties Comparison Oracle vs. Snowflake vs. Teradata

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameOracle  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparisonTeradata  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWidely used RDBMSCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured dataA hybrid cloud data analytics software platform (Teradata Vantage)
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Vector DBMS infosince Oracle 23
Document store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1236.29
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score121.33
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Score45.33
Rank#21  Overall
#15  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.oracle.com/­databasewww.snowflake.comwww.teradata.com
Technical documentationdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasedocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.htmldocs.teradata.com
DeveloperOracleSnowflake Computing Inc.Teradata
Initial release198020141984
Current release23c, September 2023Teradata Vantage 1.0 MU2, January 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC and C++
Server operating systemsAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
hostedhosted
Linux
Data schemeyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesyes
Secondary indexesyesyes infoJoin-index to prejoin tables, aggregate index, sparse index, hash index
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsyesyes infoSQL 2016 + extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
.NET Client API
HTTP REST
JDBC
JMS Adapter
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C++
Cobol
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
Perl
PL/1
Python
R
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleuser defined functionsyes infoUDFs, stored procedures, table functions in parallel
Triggersyesno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resourcesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding, horizontal partitioningyesSharding infoHashing
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infocan be realized in PL/SQLnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
OracleSnowflakeTeradata
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Conferences, events and webinars

Oracle Cloud World
Las Vegas, 9-12 September 2024

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