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DBMS > Oracle vs. SQL.JS vs. SQLite vs. Stardog vs. VelocityDB

System Properties Comparison Oracle vs. SQL.JS vs. SQLite vs. Stardog vs. VelocityDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameOracle  Xexclude from comparisonSQL.JS  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparisonVelocityDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWidely used RDBMSPort of SQLite to JavaScriptWidely used embeddable, in-process RDBMSEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualizationA .NET Object Database that can be embedded/distributed and extended to a graph data model (VelocityGraph)
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Graph DBMS
Object oriented DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1266.89
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score1.16
Rank#162  Overall
#79  Relational DBMS
Score127.43
Rank#10  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Score1.89
Rank#124  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Score0.06
Rank#318  Overall
#32  Graph DBMS
#17  Object oriented DBMS
Websitewww.oracle.com/­databasesql.js.orgwww.sqlite.orgwww.stardog.comvelocitydb.com
Technical documentationdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasesql.js.org/­documentation/­index.htmlwww.sqlite.org/­docs.htmldocs.stardog.comvelocitydb.com/­UserGuide
DeveloperOracleAlon Zakai infoenhancements implemented by othersDwayne Richard HippStardog-UnionVelocityDB Inc
Initial release19802012200020102011
Current release19c, February 20193.37.2  (6 January 2022), January 20227.3.0, May 20207.x
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen SourceOpen Source infoPublic Domaincommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/studentscommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC and C++JavaScriptCJavaC#
Server operating systemsAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)server-lessLinux
macOS
Windows
Any that supports .NET
Data schemeyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyesyes infodynamic column typesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.yesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonono infoImport/export of XML data possibleno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatialyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supportedyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supportedYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Serverno
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
JavaScript APIADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
.Net
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
JavaScriptActionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
.Net
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possiblenonouser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Javano
Triggersyesnoyesyes infovia event handlersCallbacks are triggered when data changes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding, horizontal partitioningnonenonenoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
nonenoneMulti-source replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infocan be realized in PL/SQLnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate Consistency in HA-ClusterImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyesyes inforelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infovia file-system locksyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesno infoexcept by serializing a db to a fileyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yesyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnonoAccess rights for users and rolesBased on Windows Authentication
More information provided by the system vendor
OracleSQL.JSSQLiteStardogVelocityDB
Specific characteristicsStardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesStardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosStardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersBosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsStardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsA fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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Navicat for Oracle improves the efficiency and productivity of Oracle developers and administrators with a streamlined working environment.
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Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
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Navicat for SQLite is a powerful and comprehensive SQLite GUI that provides a complete set of functions for database management and development.
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More resources
OracleSQL.JSSQLiteStardogVelocityDB
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