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DBMS > Oracle vs. SAP HANA vs. Solr

System Properties Comparison Oracle vs. SAP HANA vs. Solr

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameOracle  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparisonSolr  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWidely used RDBMSIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud serviceA widely used distributed, scalable search engine based on Apache Lucene
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSSearch engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1262.66
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score53.81
Rank#19  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Score51.79
Rank#20  Overall
#3  Search engines
Websitewww.oracle.com/­databasewww.sap.com/­products/­hana.htmllucene.apache.org/­solr
Technical documentationdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasehelp.sap.com/­hanalucene.apache.org/­solr/­resources.html
DeveloperOracleSAPApache Software Foundation
Initial release198020102006
Current release19c, February 20192.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 20208.9.0, June 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoalso available as a cloud based serviceno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC and C++Java
Server operating systemsAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Appliance or cloud-serviceAll OS with a Java VM inforuns as a servlet in servlet container (e.g. Tomcat, Jetty is included)
Data schemeyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyesyes infoDynamic Fields enables on-the-fly addition of new fields
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infosupports customizable data types and automatic typing
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsyesSolr Parallel SQL Interface
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
JDBC
ODBC
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
.Net
Erlang
Java
JavaScript
any language that supports sockets and either XML or JSON
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleSQLScript, RJava plugins
Triggersyesyesyes infoUser configurable commands triggered on index changes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding, horizontal partitioningyesSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infocan be realized in PL/SQLnospark-solr: github.com/­lucidworks/­spark-solr and streaming expressions to reduce
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACIDoptimistic locking
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesyes

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