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DBMS > Oracle vs. SAP HANA vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison Oracle vs. SAP HANA vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameOracle  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWidely used RDBMSIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud serviceCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1241.45
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score45.22
Rank#23  Overall
#16  Relational DBMS
Score127.45
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.oracle.com/­databasewww.sap.com/­products/­hana.htmlwww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasehelp.sap.com/­hanadocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperOracleSAPSnowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release198020102014
Current release21c, January 20212.0 SPS07 (AprilĀ 4, 2023), April 2023
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoalso available as a cloud based serviceyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC and C++
Server operating systemsAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Appliance or cloud-servicehosted
Data schemeyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyesyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyes
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsyesyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
JDBC
ODBC
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleSQLScript, Ruser defined functions
Triggersyesyesno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding, horizontal partitioningyesyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infocan be realized in PL/SQLnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication

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OracleSAP HANASnowflake
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