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DBMS > Oracle vs. PostgreSQL vs. SAP SQL Anywhere vs. STSdb

System Properties Comparison Oracle vs. PostgreSQL vs. SAP SQL Anywhere vs. STSdb

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameOracle  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere  Xexclude from comparisonSTSdb  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWidely used RDBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLRDBMS database and synchronization technologies for server, desktop, remote office, and mobile environmentsKey-Value Store with special method for indexing infooptimized for high performance using a special indexing method
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Relational DBMSKey-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1346.68
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score507.19
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score5.79
Rank#56  Overall
#32  Relational DBMS
Score0.08
Rank#288  Overall
#47  Key-value stores
Websitewww.oracle.com/­databasewww.postgresql.orgwww.sap.com/­products/­sql-anywhere.htmlstssoft.com/­products/­stsdb-4-0
Technical documentationdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasewww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manualshelp.sap.com/­sql-anywhere
DeveloperOraclePostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerSAP infoformerly SybaseSTS Soft SC
Initial release19801989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL19922011
Current release19c, February 201912.1, November 201917, July 2015
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoBSDcommercialOpen Source infoGPLv2, commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • ScaleGrid: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting with high availability, dedicated servers, and superuser control on the #1 multi-cloud Amazon RDS alternative.
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageC and C++CC#
Server operating systemsAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Windows
Data schemeyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes infoprimitive types and user defined types (classes)
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.yes
Secondary indexesyesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infostandard with numerous extensionsyesno
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
.NET Client API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yes, in C/C++, Java, .Net or Perlno
Triggersyesyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioningpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMaster-slave replication infoDatabase mirroringnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infocan be realized in PL/SQLnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno
More information provided by the system vendor
OraclePostgreSQLSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server AnywhereSTSdb
Specific characteristicsOracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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3rd partiesGeneral SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
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Dremio is like magic for Oracle accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
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Navicat for Oracle improves the efficiency and productivity of Oracle developers and administrators with a streamlined working environment.
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SQLPro for PostgreSQL: A simple but powerful PostgreSQL database client available on iPhone and iPad as well as macOS.
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Azure Database for PostgreSQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community PostgreSQL database as a service
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2ndQuadrant: PostgreSQL Solutions for the Enterprise.
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Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
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General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
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CYBERTEC: your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science based on PostgreSQL since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide!
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pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
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DBHawk: a web-based PostgreSQL/Greenplum database tool. Boost database development and BI productivity with an online Universal database tool.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
OraclePostgreSQLSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server AnywhereSTSdb
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