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DBMS > Oracle vs. OrientDB vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison Oracle vs. OrientDB vs. SQLite

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameOracle  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWidely used RDBMSMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)Widely used embeddable, in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1269.26
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score4.01
Rank#83  Overall
#13  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Score129.81
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.oracle.com/­databaseorientdb.orgwww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasewww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.htmlwww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperOracleOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAPDwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release198020102000
Current release19c, February 20193.1.9, February 20213.36.0  (18 June 2021), June 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC and C++JavaC
Server operating systemsAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)server-less
Data schemeyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")yes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like query language, no joinsyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleJava, Javascriptno
TriggersyesHooksyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding, horizontal partitioningShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infocan be realized in PL/SQLno infocould be achieved with distributed queriesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes inforelationship in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurableno

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