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DBMS > OpenSearch vs. Weaviate

System Properties Comparison OpenSearch vs. Weaviate

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Our visitors often compare OpenSearch and Weaviate with Elasticsearch, Pinecone and Milvus.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameOpenSearch  Xexclude from comparisonWeaviate  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful search and analytics engine forked from Elasticsearch and based on Apache LuceneAn AI-native realtime vector database engine that integrates scalable machine learning models.
Primary database modelSearch engineVector DBMS
Secondary database modelsVector DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score16.36
Rank#37  Overall
#4  Search engines
Score1.73
Rank#143  Overall
#5  Vector DBMS
Websitegithub.com/­opensearch-project
opensearch.org
github.com/­weaviate/­weaviate
weaviate.io
Technical documentationopensearch.org/­docs/­latestweaviate.io/­developers/­weaviate
DeveloperAmazon Web ServicesWeaviate B.V.
Initial release20212019
Current release2.5.0, January 20231.19, May 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infocommercial license available with Weaviate Enterprise
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • STACKIT OpenSearch offers OpenSearch in a managed version in enterprise grade, 100% GDPR-compliant, for a wide range of applications like analytics, website search, offering scalability and fast data access.
  • Aiven for OpenSearch: Fully managed open source search and analytics suite. Out-of-the-box integrations get you up and running in a couple of clicks.
Implementation languageJavaGo
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyes, maps to GraphQL interface
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, int, float, geo point, date, cross reference, fuzzy references
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes infoall data objects are indexed in a semantic vector space (the Contextionary), all primitive fields are indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageGraphQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
GraphQL query language
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby infoElasticsearch client
JavaScript / TypeScript
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesno
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlAPI Keys
OpenID Connect Discovery
More information provided by the system vendor
OpenSearchWeaviate
Specific characteristicsOpenSearch is a highly scalable and extensible open-source software suite for search,...
» more
Weaviate is an open source vector database that is robust, scalable, cloud-native,...
» more
Competitive advantagesDistributed as fully open source under Apache License, Version 2.0 (ALv2), OpenSearch...
» more
Flexible deployment - Free, open source or fully-managed cloud vector database service...
» more
Typical application scenariosThe OpenSearch platform is used across a broad range of search , analytics, and observability...
» more
As a database supporting the development of generative AI and semantic search applications...
» more
Key customersAll companies that have data. ‚Äč
» more
Market metricsAs of mid 2023: Over 2 million open source downloads 3500+ Weaviate Slack community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe OpenSearch Project offers open source software licensed under Apache License...
» more
Weaviate is open-source, and free to use. Weaviate is also available as a fully managed...
» more
Related products and services
3rd partiesAiven for OpenSearch: Fully managed open source search and analytics suite. Out-of-the-box integrations get you up and running in a couple of clicks.
» more

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More resources
OpenSearchWeaviate
DB-Engines blog posts

Weaviate, an ANN Database with CRUD support
2 February 2021,  Etienne Dilocker, SeMI Technologies (sponsor) 

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