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DBMS > OpenSearch vs. RocksDB vs. YugabyteDB

System Properties Comparison OpenSearch vs. RocksDB vs. YugabyteDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameOpenSearch  Xexclude from comparisonRocksDB  Xexclude from comparisonYugabyteDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful search and analytics engine forked from Elasticsearch and based on Apache LuceneEmbeddable persistent key-value store optimized for fast storage (flash and RAM)High-performance distributed SQL database for global, internet-scale applications. Wire and feature compatible with PostgreSQL.
Primary database modelSearch engineKey-value storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsVector DBMSDocument store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score16.64
Rank#35  Overall
#4  Search engines
Score2.89
Rank#97  Overall
#16  Key-value stores
Score2.32
Rank#110  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Websitegithub.com/­opensearch-project
opensearch.org
rocksdb.orgwww.yugabyte.com
Technical documentationopensearch.org/­docs/­latestgithub.com/­facebook/­rocksdb/­wikidocs.yugabyte.com
github.com/­yugabyte/­yugabyte-db
DeveloperAmazon Web ServicesFacebook, Inc.Yugabyte Inc.
Initial release202120132017
Current release2.5.0, January 20239.4.0, June 20242.19, September 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoBSDOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Aiven for OpenSearch: Fully managed open source search and analytics suite. Out-of-the-box integrations get you up and running in a couple of clicks.
  • STACKIT OpenSearch offers OpenSearch in a managed version in enterprise grade, 100% GDPR-compliant, for a wide range of applications like analytics, website search, offering scalability and fast data access.
YugabyteDB Managed is the fully managed database-as-a-service offering of YugabyteDB. Get started quickly, and effortlessly ensure continuous availability and limitless scale of your cloud native applications.
Implementation languageJavaC++C and C++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinuxLinux
OS X
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-freedepending on used data model
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexednoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languagenoyes, PostgreSQL compatible
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
C++ API
Java API
JDBC
YCQL, an SQL-based flexible-schema API with its roots in Cassandra Query Language
YSQL - a fully relational SQL API that is wire compatible with the SQL language in PostgreSQL
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby infoElasticsearch client
C
C++
Go
Java
Perl
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoyes infosql, plpgsql, C
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioningHash and Range Sharding, row-level geo-partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyesBased on Raft distributed consensus protocol, minimum 3 replicas for continuous availability
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allStrong consistency on writes and tunable consistency on reads
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoyesDistributed ACID with Serializable & Snapshot Isolation. Inspired by Google Spanner architecture.
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infobased on RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlnoyes
More information provided by the system vendor
OpenSearchRocksDBYugabyteDB
Specific characteristicsOpenSearch is a highly scalable and extensible open-source software suite for search,...
» more
YugabyteDB is an open source distributed SQL database for cloud native transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesDistributed as fully open source under Apache License, Version 2.0 (ALv2), OpenSearch...
» more
PostgreSQL compatible: Get instantly productive with a PostgreSQL compatible RDBMS....
» more
Typical application scenariosThe OpenSearch platform is used across a broad range of search , analytics, and observability...
» more
Systems of record and engagement for cloud native applications that require resilience,...
» more
Market metrics2 Million+ lifetime clusters deployed, 6.5K+ GitHub stars, 7K YugabyteDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe OpenSearch Project offers open source software licensed under Apache License...
» more
Apache 2.0 license for the database
» more

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Related products and services
3rd partiesAiven for OpenSearch: Fully managed open source search and analytics suite. Out-of-the-box integrations get you up and running in a couple of clicks.
» more
Speedb: A high performance RocksDB-compliant key-value store optimized for write-intensive workloads.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
OpenSearchRocksDBYugabyteDB
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