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DBMS > OpenSearch vs. Realm vs. Trino

System Properties Comparison OpenSearch vs. Realm vs. Trino

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameOpenSearch  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparisonTrino  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful search and analytics engine forked from Elasticsearch and based on Apache LuceneA DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core DataFast distributed SQL query engine for big data analytics. Forked from Presto and originally named PrestoSQL
Primary database modelSearch engineDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsVector DBMSDocument store
Key-value store
Spatial DBMS
Search engine
Time Series DBMS
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score16.64
Rank#35  Overall
#4  Search engines
Score7.34
Rank#50  Overall
#8  Document stores
Score5.44
Rank#59  Overall
#34  Relational DBMS
Websitegithub.com/­opensearch-project
opensearch.org
realm.iotrino.io
Technical documentationopensearch.org/­docs/­latestrealm.io/­docstrino.io/­broadcast
trino.io/­docs/­current
Social network pagesLinkedInTwitterYouTubeGitHub
DeveloperAmazon Web ServicesRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019Trino Software Foundation
Initial release202120142012 info2020 rebranded from PrestoSQL
Current release2.5.0, January 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Aiven for OpenSearch: Fully managed open source search and analytics suite. Out-of-the-box integrations get you up and running in a couple of clicks.
  • STACKIT OpenSearch offers OpenSearch in a managed version in enterprise grade, 100% GDPR-compliant, for a wide range of applications like analytics, website search, offering scalability and fast data access.
Starburst Galaxy offers a feature-rich user interface to connect all your data sources, manage your Trino clusters, and query your data.
Implementation languageJavaJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMAndroid
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
Linux
macOS infofor devlopment
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesdepending on connected data-source
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languagenoyes
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
JDBC
RESTful HTTP API
Trino CLI
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby infoElasticsearch client
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
R
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesno inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessaryyes, depending on connected data-source
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyes infoChange Listenersno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonedepending on connected data-source
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesnonedepending on connected data-source
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate Consistencydepending on connected data-source
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDdepending on connected data-source
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesdepending on connected data-source
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoIn-Memory realm
User concepts infoAccess controlyesSQL standard access control
More information provided by the system vendor
OpenSearchRealmTrino
Specific characteristicsOpenSearch is a highly scalable and extensible open-source software suite for search,...
» more
Trino is the fastest open source, massively parallel processing SQL query engine...
» more
Competitive advantagesDistributed as fully open source under Apache License, Version 2.0 (ALv2), OpenSearch...
» more
High performance analtyics and data processing of very large data sets Powerful ANSI...
» more
Typical application scenariosThe OpenSearch platform is used across a broad range of search , analytics, and observability...
» more
Performant analytics query engine for data warehouses, data lakes, and data lakehouses...
» more
Key customersTrino is widely adopted across the globe as freely-available open source software....
» more
Market metrics33000+ commits in GitHub 8200+ stargazers in GitHub 1200+ pull requests merged in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe OpenSearch Project offers open source software licensed under Apache License...
» more
Trino is an open source project and usage is therefore free. Commercial offerings...
» more
News

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We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesAiven for OpenSearch: Fully managed open source search and analytics suite. Out-of-the-box integrations get you up and running in a couple of clicks.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
OpenSearchRealmTrino
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