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DBMS > etcd vs. NuoDB vs. PostgreSQL vs. TerminusDB

System Properties Comparison etcd vs. NuoDB vs. PostgreSQL vs. TerminusDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Nameetcd  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonTerminusDB infoformer name was DataChemist  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed reliable key-value storeNuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactionsWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLScalable Graph Database platform making enterprise data available by exploiting inferred entities and relationships
Primary database modelKey-value storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Graph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
RDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score11.54
Rank#46  Overall
#5  Key-value stores
Score1.00
Rank#176  Overall
#86  Relational DBMS
Score606.56
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score0.22
Rank#287  Overall
#24  Graph DBMS
Websiteetcd.io
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd
nuodb.comwww.postgresql.orgterminusdb.com
Technical documentationetcd.io/­docs
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd/­tree/­master/­Documentation
doc.nuodb.comwww.postgresql.org/­docsterminusdb.github.io/­terminusdb/­#
DeveloperNuoDB, Inc.PostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerDataChemist Ltd.
Initial release20131989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL2018
Current release3.4, August 201914.1, November 202110.0.3, September 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0commercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoGPL V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageGoC++CProlog, Rust
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
Windows infoexperimental
hosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.no
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyes infostandard with numerous extensionsSQL-like query language (WOQL)
APIs and other access methodsgRPC
JSON over HTTP
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
OWL
RESTful HTTP API
WOQL (Web Object Query Language)
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
JavaScript
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava, SQLuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yes
Triggersyes, watching key changesyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesdata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/writtenpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashGraph Partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.yes infoManaged transparently by NuoDBSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsJournaling Streams
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID infotunable commit protocolACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoMVCCyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoin-memory journaling
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoTemporary tableno
User concepts infoAccess controlnoStandard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative Usersfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardRole-based access control

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etcdNuoDBPostgreSQLTerminusDB infoformer name was DataChemist
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