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DBMS > NuoDB vs. OrientDB vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison NuoDB vs. OrientDB vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameNuoDB  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionNuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactionsMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)Widely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.21
Rank#146  Overall
#73  Relational DBMS
Score6.28
Rank#55  Overall
#8  Document stores
#3  Graph DBMS
#9  Key-value stores
Score481.33
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.nuodb.comorientdb.comwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationdoc.nuodb.comorientdb.org/­docs/­3.0.xwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperNuoDB, Inc.OrientDB LTD; CallidusCloudPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release201320101989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release3.0.18, March 201911.5, August 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • Google Cloud SQL: A fully-managed database service for the Google Cloud Platform
  • ScaleGrid: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting with high availability, dedicated servers, and superuser control on the #1 multi-cloud Amazon RDS alternative.
Implementation languageC++JavaC
Server operating systemshosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like query language, no joinsyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
native C library
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava, SQLJava, Javascriptuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
TriggersyesHooksyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesdata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/writtenShardingpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoManaged transparently by NuoDBMaster-master replicationMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocould be achieved with distributed queriesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes inforelationship in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infotunable commit protocolACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoMVCCyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoTemporary tableno
User concepts infoAccess controlStandard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative UsersAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurablefine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
NuoDBOrientDBPostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsHorizontal scale-out, continuous availability, multi-tenant support, ANSI SQL compatible,...
» more
Competitive advantagesNuoDB is a scale-out SQL RDBMS based on a Durable Distributed Caching (DDC) architecture....
» more
Typical application scenariosOperational / OLTP database workloads in data centers or public clouds
» more
Key customersDassault Systemes, Santander, Temenos
» more
Market metricsFast growing commercial and enterprise customer base IDC Innovators: Dynamically...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsSubscription-based pricing with free community edition and commercial enterprise...
» more
News

Delivering Cloud-native, Cloud-agnostic Distributed SQL Database with NuoDB 4.0 (Corporate Blog)
29 July 2019

Using Let’s Encrypt Certificates in NuoDB - A Step by Step Tutorial (Tech Blog)
29 July 2019

Scale Out with NuoDB Community Edition (Tech Blog)
28 July 2019

Why Are Distributed Databases Perfect for Financial Services? (Corporate Blog)
11 July 2019

How Distributed SQL Powers Your Enterprise Digital Transformation (Corporate Blog)
28 June 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
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More resources
NuoDBOrientDBPostgreSQL
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Conferences and events

PostgreSQL Conference, Asia 2019
Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia, 9-12 September 2019

PostgreSQL Conference, Europe 2019
Milan, Italy, 15-18 October 2019

Recent citations in the news

NuoDB 4.0 Expands Cloud Capabilities for Distributed SQL Database
30 July 2019, Database Trends and Applications

NuoDB 4.0 Expands Cloud-native and Cloud-agnostic Capabilities of Distributed SQL Database
29 July 2019, GlobeNewswire

NuoDB 4.0 improves cloud-native database capabilities
31 July 2019, TechTarget

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31 July 2019, ComputerWeekly.com

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