DBMS > Newts vs. TiDB vs. YDB
System Properties Comparison Newts vs. TiDB vs. YDB
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||Newts Xexclude from comparison||TiDB Xexclude from comparison||YDB Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||Time Series DBMS based on Cassandra||TiDB is an open source distributed SQL database that supports Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) workloads. It is MySQL compatible and features horizontal scalability, strong consistency, and high availability.||A distributed fault-tolerant database service, with high availability, scalability, immediate consistency and ACID transactions and providing an Amazon DynamoDB compatible API|
|Primary database model||Time Series DBMS||Relational DBMS||Document store|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
|Developer||OpenNMS Group||PingCAP, Inc.||Yandex|
|Current release||7.2.0, June 2023|
|License Commercial or Open Source||Open Source Apache 2.0||Open Source Apache 2.0||Open Source Apache 2.0; commercial license available|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
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|TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.|
|Implementation language||Java||Go, Rust|
|Server operating systems||Linux|
|Data scheme||schema-free||yes||Flexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||no||no||no|
|SQL Support of SQL||no||yes||SQL-like query language (YQL)|
|APIs and other access methods||HTTP REST|
|RESTful HTTP API (DynamoDB compatible)|
|Supported programming languages||Java||Ada|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||no||no||no|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||Sharding based on Cassandra||horizontal partitioning (by key range)||Sharding|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||selectable replication factor based on Cassandra||Using Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.||Active-passive shard replication|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||yes with TiSpark Connector||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Eventual Consistency based on Cassandra|
Immediate Consistency based on Cassandra
|Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||no||yes full support since version 6.6||no|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||no||ACID||ACID|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||no||no||no|
|User concepts Access control||no||Fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||Access rights defined for Yandex Cloud users|
|More information provided by the system vendor|
|Specific characteristics||TiDB is an advanced open-source, distributed SQL database for modern application...|
|Competitive advantages||- HORIZONTAL SCALING : TiDB grants total transparency into your data workloads without...|
|Typical application scenarios||TiDB is ideal for transactional applications that require extreme scalability and...|
|Key customers||Block, Pinterest, Catalyst, Bolt, Capcom, Shopee (E-commerce), JD Cloud & AI (Cloud...|
|Market metrics||34K+ GitHub stars 5K+ members in TiDB Community Slack 1K+ community contributors...|
|Licensing and pricing models||TiDB Community : Free open source software (Apache 2.0) TiDB Self-Hosted : Enterprise...|
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