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DBMS > Neo4j vs. Stardog vs. Weaviate

System Properties Comparison Neo4j vs. Stardog vs. Weaviate

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparisonWeaviate  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen source graph databaseEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualizationA cloud-native, realtime vector search engine integrating scalable machine learning models
Primary database modelGraph DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Search engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score51.04
Rank#20  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score1.63
Rank#127  Overall
#9  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Score0.03
Rank#330  Overall
#17  Search engines
Websiteneo4j.comwww.stardog.comgithub.com/­semi-technologies/­weaviate
www.semi.technology/­solutions/­weaviate
Technical documentationneo4j.com/­docsdocs.stardog.comwww.semi.technology/­developers/­weaviate/­current
DeveloperNeo4j, Inc.Stardog-UnionSeMI Technologies B.V.
Initial release200720102017
Current release4.2.4 , March 20217.3.0, May 20201.0.3, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/studentsOpen Source infocommercial license available with Weaviate Enterprise
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaJavaGo
Server operating systemsLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyes, maps to GraphQL interface
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infostring, int, float, geo point, date, cross reference, fuzzy references
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infoImport/export of XML data possibleno
Secondary indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatialyes infoall data objects are indexed in a semantic vector space (the Contextionary), all primitive fields are indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL ServerGraphQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
GraphQL query language
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsuser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Javano
Triggersyes infovia event handleryes infovia event handlersno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replication in HA-Clusteryes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency in HA-ClusterEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and rolesOpenID Connect Discovery
More information provided by the system vendor
Neo4jStardogWeaviate
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Stardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Stardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
News

Happy One-Year Anniversary to Neo4j Graph Data Science!
13 April 2021

This Week in Neo4j – Neo4j & Django, Analyzing Genomes, GGCD, Change Data Capture,
10 April 2021

Graphs for Real-Time Transaction Processing: 5-Minute Interview with Jorge Zaccaro
9 April 2021

Advantages of Neo4j Aura Enterprise: Innovative and Trusted
5 April 2021

This Week in Neo4j – Build a Knowledge Graph, GRANDstack Podcast App, Archimate Model,
3 April 2021

Weaviate in IEEE

Weaviate on DB-engines.com

Introduction & Demo video

FLOSS Weekly Podcast

FOSDEM 2020 video

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Neo4jStardogWeaviate
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

show all

Weaviate, an ANN Database with CRUD support
2 February 2021,  Etienne Dilocker, SeMI Technologies (sponsor) 

show all

Conferences and events

What's wrong with your application? - presented by Graphable.ai
Webinar, 6 April 2021 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

MANTA Partners With Neo4j to Provide Customers With Enhanced Graph Technology for Data Pipeline Analysis
7 April 2021, Business Wire

HiPaaS announces OEM partnership with Neo4j to accelerate Healthcare EDI and Interoperability Solutions
24 March 2021, PR Web

The 7 Best Graph Databases to Consider for 2021
29 March 2021, Solutions Review

Database and DBaaS Market 2021 Business Scenario – Neo4j, Oracle, Rackspace, RDX, IBM, DataStax, CenturyLink, Redis Labs – The Courier
10 April 2021, The Courier

Graph Databases Software Market 2020 Potential Growth, SWOT Analysis and Development of Industry by 2027 | Neo4j, ArangoDB, SAP, Twitter, The Apache Software Foundation, Cayley – KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper
13 April 2021, KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper

provided by Google News

Weaviate is an open-source search engine powered by ML, vectors, graphs, and GraphQL
7 April 2021, ZDNet

Weaviate Is A Search Engine For Vector Embeddings
11 May 2020, hackernoon.com

Streamlining data science with open source: Data version control and continuous machine learning
3 March 2021, ZDNet

Python programming language hurries out update to tackle remote code vulnerability
22 February 2021, ZDNet

What about Firefox?
5 March 2021, ZDNet

provided by Google News

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