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DBMS > Neo4j vs. Stardog vs. ToroDB

System Properties Comparison Neo4j vs. Stardog vs. ToroDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparisonToroDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen source graph databaseSemantic graph DBMS, developed in JavaA MongoDB-compatible JSON document store, built on top of PostgreSQL
Primary database modelGraph DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score51.03
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score0.75
Rank#167  Overall
#12  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Score0.06
Rank#297  Overall
#39  Document stores
Websiteneo4j.comwww.stardog.comwww.torodb.com
Technical documentationneo4j.com/­docswww.stardog.com/­docswww.torodb.com/­stampede/­docs
DeveloperNeo4j, Inc.Complexible Inc.8Kdata
Initial release200720102016
Current release3.5.4, April 20194.2.4, March 2017
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercial infoLimited community edition freeOpen Source infoAGPL-V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJava, ScalaJavaJava
Server operating systemsLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java VMAll OS with a Java 7 VM
Data schemeschema-free and schema-optionalschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infostring, integer, double, boolean, date, object_id
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infoImport/export of XML data possibleno
Secondary indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSPARQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
HTTP API
OWL
SPARQL
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsno
Triggersyes infovia event handleryes infovia event handlersno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMaster-master replication in HA-Cluster infousing Apache ZooKeeperMaster-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency in HA-ClusterEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and rolesAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Neo4jStardogToroDB
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j – Why Kettle?, Pokémons in a Graph, Influencers in the Graph Community
18 May 2019

Think About What You’re Building: 5-Minute Interview with Stephen O’Grady
17 May 2019

Graph Technology to Fight Terrorist Threats
15 May 2019

Save the Date for a Three-Day, Super-Powered GraphConnect 2020 Experience
14 May 2019

Graphs in Government: How In-Q-Tel Brings Tech Innovation to Intelligence Agencies
13 May 2019

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Neo4jStardogToroDB
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Recent citations in the news

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9 May 2019, PR Web

Global Graph Database Market 2019 – triAGENS GmbH(Arango DB), Neo4j, Inc, OrientDB Ltd, Cayley, Titan
13 May 2019, Biz Trends 24

Neo4j raises $80 million for next-generation graph databases
1 November 2018, VentureBeat

provided by Google News

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