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DBMS > Neo4j vs. Stardog vs. TimescaleDB

System Properties Comparison Neo4j vs. Stardog vs. TimescaleDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparisonTimescaleDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen source graph databaseSemantic graph DBMS, developed in JavaA time series DBMS optimized for fast ingest and complex queries, based on PostgreSQL
Primary database modelGraph DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Time Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score51.03
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score0.75
Rank#167  Overall
#12  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Score1.16
Rank#137  Overall
#8  Time Series DBMS
Websiteneo4j.comwww.stardog.comwww.timescale.com
Technical documentationneo4j.com/­docswww.stardog.com/­docsdocs.timescale.com
DeveloperNeo4j, Inc.Complexible Inc.Timescale
Initial release200720102017
Current release3.5.4, April 20194.2.4, March 2017
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercial infoLimited community edition freeOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaJavaC
Server operating systemsLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-free and schema-optionalschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnumerics, strings, booleans, arrays, JSON blobs, geospatial dimensions, currencies, binary data, other complex data types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infoImport/export of XML data possibleyes
Secondary indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSPARQL is used as query languageyes infofull PostgreSQL SQL syntax
APIs and other access methodsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
HTTP API
OWL
SPARQL
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
native C library
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsnouser defined functions, PL/pgSQL, PL/Tcl, PL/Perl, PL/Python, PL/Java, PL/PHP, PL/R, PL/Ruby, PL/Scheme, PL/Unix shell
Triggersyes infovia event handleryes infovia event handlersyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneyes, across time and space (hash partitioning) attributes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMaster-master replication in HA-Cluster infousing Apache ZooKeeperMaster-slave replication with hot standby and reads on slaves info
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency in HA-ClusterImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Neo4jStardogTimescaleDB
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
TimescaleDB is the first open-source time-series database that combines the reliability,...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
TimescaleDB is purpose-built to scale and handle time-series data workloads and is...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
IoT, Industrial Machine, and Sensor Data Various industrial IoT use cases across...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Altair Engineering Inc., Bloomberg, Comcast, Cray, Cree, DNSFilter, Laika, LaunchDarkly,...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
1 million+ downloads, 6,500+ Github stars
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
Apache 2 and Timescale License (TSL); information on pricing for support and enterprise...
» more
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17 May 2019

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Neo4jStardogTimescaleDB
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