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DBMS > Neo4j vs. Solr vs. Virtuoso

System Properties Comparison Neo4j vs. Solr vs. Virtuoso

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonSolr  Xexclude from comparisonVirtuoso  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsA widely used distributed, scalable search engine based on Apache LuceneVirtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
Primary database modelGraph DBMSSearch engineDocument store
Graph DBMS
Native XML DBMS
Relational DBMS
RDF store
Search engine
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score53.51
Rank#20  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score47.28
Rank#24  Overall
#3  Search engines
Score6.39
Rank#68  Overall
#13  Document stores
#3  Graph DBMS
#2  Native XML DBMS
#37  Relational DBMS
#2  RDF stores
#9  Search engines
Websiteneo4j.comlucene.apache.org/­solrvirtuoso.openlinksw.com
Technical documentationneo4j.com/­docslucene.apache.org/­solr/­resources.htmldocs.openlinksw.com/­virtuoso
DeveloperNeo4j, Inc.Apache Software FoundationOpenLink Software
Initial release200720061998
Current release5.5, February 20239.1.1, January 20237.2.7, May 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaJavaC
Server operating systemsLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java VM inforuns as a servlet in servlet container (e.g. Tomcat, Jetty is included)AIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-free and schema-optionalyes infoDynamic Fields enables on-the-fly addition of new fieldsyes infoSQL - Standard relational schema
RDF - Quad (S, P, O, G) or Triple (S, P, O)
XML - DTD, XML Schema
DAV - freeform filesystem objects, plus User Defined Types a/k/a Dynamic Extension Type
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infosupports customizable data types and automatic typingyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes
Secondary indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSolr Parallel SQL Interfaceyes infoSQL-92, SQL-200x, SQL-3, SQLX
APIs and other access methodsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET
GeoSPARQL
HTTP API
JDBC
Jena RDF API
ODBC
OLE DB
RDF4J API
RESTful HTTP API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SOAP webservices
SPARQL 1.1
WebDAV
XPath
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Erlang
Java
JavaScript
any language that supports sockets and either XML or JSON
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsJava pluginsyes infoVirtuoso PL
Triggersyes infovia event handleryes infoUser configurable commands triggered on index changesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes using Neo4j FabricShardingyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyyesChain, star, and bi-directional replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnospark-solr: github.com/­lucidworks/­spark-solr and streaming expressions to reduceyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Eventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDoptimistic lockingACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)yesFine-grained Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC) in addition to typical coarse-grained Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) according to SQL-standard. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
Neo4jSolrVirtuoso
Specific characteristicsNeo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Virtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Performance & Scale — as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Used for — Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Broad use across enterprises and governments including — European Union (EU) US Government...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Largest installed-base ​of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
Available in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j: GPT, NASA, Generative AI, Apache Age, Cypher, Chatbot and More
18 March 2023

This Week in Neo4j: Recommendation, Needle, Microservices, Data Import, Data Analysis, and More
11 March 2023

How to Explore SAP Sample Data in Neo4j – Graph for ERP Part 2
10 March 2023

Graphs for Ease and Scalability in the Auto Industry: The 5-Minute Interview with Michal Stefanak
8 March 2023

This Week in Neo4j: FOSDEM 2023 Sessions, Full Stack GraphQL, Data Importer Updates, dict2graph, NeoDash on Azure, and More
4 March 2023

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Neo4jSolrVirtuoso
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

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Elasticsearch replaced Solr as the most popular search engine
12 January 2016, Paul Andlinger

Enterprise Search Engines almost double their popularity in the last 12 months
2 July 2014, Paul Andlinger

The DB-Engines ranking includes now search engines
4 February 2013, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

Neo4j Adds Cloud Managed Services Team From DTA
16 March 2023, ChannelE2E

Graph Database Market to See Massive Growth by 2029 | Neo4j, Inc ...
17 March 2023, Digital Journal

The Great Graph Debate: Revolutionary concept in databases or niche curiosity?
6 March 2023, The Register

Graphs Will Bring SG's Data-Driven Future to Life
22 February 2023, CDOTrends

How Knowledge Graphs Make Data More Useful to Organizations
10 March 2023, The New Stack

provided by Google News

'Ofgem's spending on consultants since start of crisis amounts to £32m' - Energy Live News
13 March 2023, Energy Made Easy

2023-03-06 | TSXV:SOLR | Press Release | Solar Alliance Energy Inc
6 March 2023, Stockhouse

How to import data into Apache Solr
17 May 2022, TechRepublic

As Clean Energy Rebounds, Check Out SOLR
31 May 2022, ETF Trends

SOLR marches for maintenance staffers
21 November 2022, Daily Northwestern

provided by Google News

OIDC and OAuth Protocol Virtualization, using Virtuoso - Virtuoso Universal Server
18 July 2022, community.openlinksw.com

Virtuoso Universal Server
9 October 2011, Wikipedia

Virtuoso
7 January 2022, dbdb.io

OpenLink Software — Virtuoso Universal Server
11 December 2020, wikidata.dbpedia.org

Virtuoso Homepage
31 July 2013, virtuoso.openlinksw.com

provided by Google News

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