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DBMS > Neo4j vs. Solr vs. TinkerGraph

System Properties Comparison Neo4j vs. Solr vs. TinkerGraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonSolr  Xexclude from comparisonTinkerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsA widely used distributed, scalable search engine based on Apache LuceneA lightweight, in-memory graph engine that serves as a reference implementation of the TinkerPop3 API
Primary database modelGraph DBMSSearch engineGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score57.87
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score51.17
Rank#22  Overall
#3  Search engines
Score0.16
Rank#295  Overall
#26  Graph DBMS
Websiteneo4j.comlucene.apache.org/­solrtinkerpop.apache.org/­docs/­current/­reference/­#tinkergraph-gremlin
Technical documentationneo4j.com/­docslucene.apache.org/­solr/­resources.html
DeveloperNeo4j, Inc.Apache Software Foundation
Initial release200720062009
Current release4.3.6, October 20218.9.0, June 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaJavaJava
Server operating systemsLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java VM inforuns as a servlet in servlet container (e.g. Tomcat, Jetty is included)
Data schemeschema-free and schema-optionalyes infoDynamic Fields enables on-the-fly addition of new fieldsschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infosupports customizable data types and automatic typingyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSolr Parallel SQL Interfaceno
APIs and other access methodsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Erlang
Java
JavaScript
any language that supports sockets and either XML or JSON
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Groovy
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsJava pluginsno
Triggersyes infovia event handleryes infoUser configurable commands triggered on index changesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes using Neo4j FabricShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyyesnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnospark-solr: github.com/­lucidworks/­spark-solr and streaming expressions to reduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Eventual Consistencynone
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsnoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDoptimistic lockingno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesno
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesoptional
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)yesno
More information provided by the system vendor
Neo4jSolrTinkerGraph
Specific characteristicsNeo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j –Twitch, Stackoverflow, Masterclass, Workshop
15 October 2021

Jim Webber with Asurion’s Julie Fisher on Her Singular Path to Graph
14 October 2021

This Week in Neo4j – GDS 1.7 Features, Knowledge Graph with Spark and Neo4j, Digital Nomad Travel Logs, Link Predictions, Load Data Into AuraDB
9 October 2021

Combining Knowledge Graph and Graph Algorithms to Find Hidden Skills at NASA
8 October 2021

It’s Officially Fall: Let’s Catch Up on What You Missed This Summer
7 October 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Neo4jSolrTinkerGraph
DB-Engines blog posts

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12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

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2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

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Elasticsearch replaced Solr as the most popular search engine
12 January 2016, Paul Andlinger

Enterprise Search Engines almost double their popularity in the last 12 months
2 July 2014, Paul Andlinger

The DB-Engines ranking includes now search engines
4 February 2013, Paul Andlinger

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Recent citations in the news

Neo4J Releases Graph Data Science Library, Look For New Updates
24 September 2021, Analytics India Magazine

Database and DBaaS Market Statistics by Industry Dynamics & SWOT Analysis | Neo4j, Oracle, Rackspace, RDX, IBM, etc – Puck77
19 October 2021, Puck77

GPU Database Market Booming Segments; Investors Seeking – Kinetica, OmniSci, SQream, Neo4j, NVIDIA, Brytlyt, Blazegraph, BlazingDB, Zilliz, and Jedox – Puck77
19 October 2021, Puck77

Global Graph Database Market Expected To Reach Highest CAGR By 2026: IBM, Microsoft, Oracle, AWS, Neo4j etc. – Puck77
19 October 2021, Puck77

Neo4j raises Neo$325M as graph-based data analysis takes hold in enterprise
17 June 2021, TechCrunch

provided by Google News

SOLR releases petition supporting dining and service worker strike
27 September 2021, Daily Northwestern

Solar Alliance Energy Inc. (CVE:SOLR) insiders got a good deal: Sold stock currently worth CA$0.21 at CA$0.28 over the past year
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SolRazr (SOLR) Developer Platform Will Open The Launcher In A Couple Of Days – Own Snap
8 October 2021, Own Snap

SOLR, UCM host dialogue with Compass employee to discuss workers rights
6 October 2021, Daily Northwestern

Solana DeFi tool SolRazr announces SOLR airdrop ahead of IDO and whitelist
24 September 2021, CryptoSlate

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