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DBMS > Neo4j vs. Solr vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Neo4j vs. Solr vs. Stardog

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonSolr  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen source graph databaseA widely used enterprise search engine based on Apache LuceneSemantic graph DBMS, developed in Java
Primary database modelGraph DBMSSearch engineGraph DBMS
RDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score51.03
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score60.80
Rank#16  Overall
#3  Search engines
Score0.75
Rank#167  Overall
#12  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Websiteneo4j.comlucene.apache.org/­solrwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationneo4j.com/­docslucene.apache.org/­solr/­resources.htmlwww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperNeo4j, Inc.Apache Software FoundationComplexible Inc.
Initial release200720042010
Current release3.5.4, April 20198.0.0, March 20194.2.4, March 2017
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial infoLimited community edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaJavaJava
Server operating systemsLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java VM and a servlet container inforuns as a servlet in servlet container (e.g. Tomcat, Jetty is included)All OS with a Java VM
Data schemeschema-free and schema-optionalyes infoDynamic Fields enables on-the-fly addition of new fieldsschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infosupports customizable data types and automatic typingyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnono infosupports limited query time joinsSPARQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
HTTP API
OWL
SPARQL
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Erlang
Java
JavaScript
any language that supports sockets and either XML or JSON
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsJava pluginsno
Triggersyes infovia event handleryes infoUser configurable commands triggered on index changesyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlycloud/distributed (via Zookeeper)
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication in HA-Cluster infousing Apache ZooKeeper
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Eventual Consistency infoslaves poll the master in predefined intervallsImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsnoyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDoptimistic locking infoSolr 4ACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Neo4jSolrStardog
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

The Seven Bridges of Königsberg: A Dog’s Eye View
23 May 2019

Information Sharing for Enterprise Architects at the DHS
22 May 2019

Graphs in Government: MITRE
20 May 2019

This Week in Neo4j – Why Kettle?, Pokémons in a Graph, Influencers in the Graph Community
18 May 2019

Think About What You’re Building: 5-Minute Interview with Stephen O’Grady
17 May 2019

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Neo4jSolrStardog
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