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DBMS > Neo4j vs. ScyllaDB vs. TigerGraph vs. Vertica

System Properties Comparison Neo4j vs. ScyllaDB vs. TigerGraph vs. Vertica

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonScyllaDB  Xexclude from comparisonTigerGraph  Xexclude from comparisonVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen source graph databaseCassandra-compatible wide column storeA complete, distributed, parallel graph computing platform supporting web-scale data analytics in real-timeColumnar relational DBMS designed to handle modern analytic workloads, enabling fast query performance
Primary database modelGraph DBMSWide column storeGraph DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score50.81
Rank#21  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score1.91
Rank#114  Overall
#8  Wide column stores
Score0.88
Rank#158  Overall
#12  Graph DBMS
Score21.31
Rank#30  Overall
#17  Relational DBMS
Websiteneo4j.comwww.scylladb.comwww.tigergraph.comwww.vertica.com
Technical documentationneo4j.com/­docsdocs.scylladb.comdocs.tigergraph.comwww.vertica.com/­documentation/­vertica/­9-3-x-documentation
DeveloperNeo4j, Inc.ScyllaDBVertica / Micro Focus infoprior to that Hewlett Packard
Initial release2007201520172005
Current release4.0.2, March 2020Scylla Open Source 3.2.3, March 2020Vertica Analytics Platform 9.3.x, January 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoOpen Source (AGPL), commercial license availablecommercialcommercial infoLimited community edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono infoAvailable on all major clouds - Amazon AWS, Microsoft Azure and Google Cloud Platform
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaC++C++
Server operating systemsLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
LinuxLinuxLinux
Data schemeschema-free and schema-optionalschema-freeyesyes infoUnstructured data can be stored in specific Flex-Tables
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes infocluster global secondary indicesno infoThe concept of 'projections' can be used instead of indexes.
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like DML and DDL statements (CQL)SQL-like query language (GSQL)yes infonearly full SQL99 without support for indexes and triggers
APIs and other access methodsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Proprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
GSQL (TigerGraph Query Language)
Kafka
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET
JDBC
Kafka
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C++
Java
C++
Java
Perl
Python
R
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsnoyesyes
Triggersyes infovia event handlernonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingSharding infoSegmentation, Projection Segmentation, Hash Segmentation
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleMaster-master replication infoCluster level and Object level replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesyes infowith Vertica Connector for Hadoop
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsnoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoin-memory tablesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users can be defined per objectRole-based access controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard; supports Kerberos, LDAP, Ident and hash
More information provided by the system vendor
Neo4jScyllaDBTigerGraphVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
TigerGraph is a native graph database, with massively parallel processing and fully...
» more
Columnar storage, MPP, Hybrid storage model, Aggressive data compression, High availability,...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
TigerGraph is the fastest and most scalable graph platform, powered by a native parallel...
» more
Performance at exabyte scale, Deploy anywhere, Open source innovation, Analysis in...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Anti Money Laundering Real-Time Fraud Detection Customer 360 Real-Time Personalized...
» more
Communication and network analytics, Embedded analytics, Fraud monitoring and Risk...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
TigerGraph’s proven technology supports applications such as fraud detection, customer...
» more
Abiba Systems, Adform, adMarketplace, AmeriPride, Anritsu, AOL, Avito, Auckland Transport,...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
TigerGraph is 2x to more than 8000x faster at graph traversal and query response...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
NEW: TIGERGRAPH CLOUD - Fully managed Graph Database as a Service. Hourly pricing...
» more
Cost-based models and subscription-based models are available
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j – COVID-19 Contact Tracing, Supply Chain Management, What’s new in Neo4j Desktop?
4 April 2020

See Your Graphs in Bloom: The 5-Minute Interview with Anurag Tandon, Neo4j
3 April 2020

Detecting Cryptocurrency Fraud with Neo4j
30 March 2020

This Week in Neo4j – Neo4j BI Connector, COVID-19, Supply Chain Management
28 March 2020

Q+A with Keith Hare: Newest Neo4j Team Member, Active in the Database Query Standards Process Since 1988
27 March 2020

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Neo4jScyllaDBTigerGraphVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

show all

Conferences and events

GraphConnect 2020
Postponed to 2021 due to COVID-19, 20-22 April 2020

Recent citations in the news

Neo4j Extends Graph Databases to the Relational World
1 April 2020, ITPro Today

Neo4j CEO talks growing enterprise graph adoption and why partnering with Google makes sense
12 March 2020, Diginomica

Chart-topper Neo4j makes connections in effort to nudge graph DBs into the mainstream
26 March 2020, The Register

Business intelligence, meet graph. Neo4j introduces BI connector for data discovery tools
24 March 2020, ZDNet

Tracking the Spread of Coronavirus with Graph Databases
12 March 2020, Datanami

provided by Google News

ScyllaDB Launches Scylla Cloud Database as a Service
9 April 2019, AiThority

ScyllaDB Smashes Performance Record, Hits 1,000,000,000 RPS
5 November 2019, GlobeNewswire

Scylla review: Apache Cassandra supercharged
18 December 2019, InfoWorld

SD Times Open-Source Project of the Week: Scylla Open Source Database
24 January 2020, SDTimes.com

ScyllaDB set to improve NoSQL database performance
8 November 2019, TechTarget

provided by Google News

Look ma, no code: TigerGraph looks to attract wider audience for niche-but-growing DB segment
16 March 2020, The Register

TigerGraph Enhances Its Graph Database and Analytics Solution
17 March 2020, MarTech Advisor

news digest: .NET 5 Preview 1, TigerGraph 3.0's no-code capabilities, and Axis Security emerges from stealth - SD Times
17 March 2020, SDTimes.com

TigerGraph 3.0 Touts the Industry's First 'Easy Button' for Analysis
18 March 2020, Solutions Review

Real-time Analytics News Roundup for Week Ending March 21
22 March 2020, RTInsights

provided by Google News

Micro Focus announces major update to its Vertica data analytics platform
31 March 2020, SiliconANGLE

Vertica aims to boost position in big-data market with cloud partnerships, innovation
31 March 2020, SiliconANGLE

Vertica v10 doubles down on machine learning
2 April 2020, SiliconANGLE

Latest Micro Focus release empowers organisations with greater data insights
1 April 2020, IT Brief Australia

Back with a bang: Vertica previews Big Data Conference's return after 4-year hiatus
27 March 2020, SiliconANGLE News

provided by Google News

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