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DBMS > Neo4j vs. SQLite vs. TypeDB

System Properties Comparison Neo4j vs. SQLite vs. TypeDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparisonTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsWidely used embeddable, in-process RDBMSTypeDB is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score57.63
Rank#18  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score128.65
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Score0.83
Rank#193  Overall
#17  Graph DBMS
#96  Relational DBMS
Websiteneo4j.comwww.sqlite.orgvaticle.com
Technical documentationneo4j.com/­docswww.sqlite.org/­docs.htmldocs.vaticle.com
DeveloperNeo4j, Inc.Dwayne Richard HippGrakn Labs / Vaticle
Initial release200720002016
Current release4.3.3, August 20213.36.0  (18 June 2021), June 20212.3, July 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoPublic DomainOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaCJava
Server operating systemsLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
server-lessLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-free and schema-optionalyes infodynamic column typesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.yes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supportedno
APIs and other access methodsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
console (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsnono
Triggersyes infovia event handleryesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes using Neo4j FabricnoneSharding infoby using Cassandra
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlynoneMulti-source replication infoby using Cassandra
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeper
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyesno infosubstituted by the relationship feature
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infovia file-system locksyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)noyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progress
More information provided by the system vendor
Neo4jSQLiteTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
Specific characteristicsNeo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
TypeDB is a database technology that serves as the knowledge base foundation to intelligent...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Expressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of TypeDB allows for modelling...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Life sciences : TypeDB makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
AGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
News

Kafka for Neo4j Aura Is Available Now
21 September 2021

This Week in Neo4j – GraphXR, CARD, Relational vs. Graph, Azure Functions, Neo4j Spring Data 6, Load JSON, Videos Galore
18 September 2021

#GraphCast: 8 Tips to Decide If Knowledge Graph Is Right for You
17 September 2021

Nominate Your Fave Graph Superstar for a Graphie Award
13 September 2021

This Week in Neo4j – Power BI, Mobile Recommendations, Policy Base Service Authorization, Graph Algorithms Book Review, Training Week, Knowledge Graph Browser
11 September 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more
Navicat for SQLite is a powerful and comprehensive SQLite GUI that provides a complete set of functions for database management and development.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Neo4jSQLiteTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

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Big gains for Relational Database Management Systems in DB-Engines Ranking
2 February 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

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Recent citations in the news

Levi Strauss & Co., Sainsbury's, The Orchard, And More Harness Neo4j Aura On AWS
24 August 2021, PRNewswire

NASA, The German Center for Diabetes Research (DZD), TCS, and More Use Neo4j Knowledge Graphs for Next-Level Digital Transformation
8 September 2021, PRNewswire

Graph Databases Software Market Size, Growth And Analysis By Leading Keyplayers – Neo4j, ArangoDB, SAP, Twitter – Stillwater Current
22 September 2021, Stillwater Current

Open-Source Database Software Market Size, Analysis, and Key Manufacturers – Titan, Neo4j, SQLite, MariaDB, Apache Hive, Couchbase, MongoDB – Stillwater Current
21 September 2021, Stillwater Current

What are graph database query languages?
3 September 2021, VentureBeat

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SQLite On The Web: Absurd-sql
24 August 2021, Hackaday

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22 September 2021, Stillwater Current

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21 September 2021, Stillwater Current

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22 September 2021, Stillwater Current

Security Research Bits
21 September 2021, SemiEngineering

provided by Google News

Apache Cassandra Guide: Data Modeling
12 July 2020, hackernoon.com

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10 December 2020, hackernoon.com

Learning Self JOIN Queries With SQLZOO
15 July 2020, hackernoon.com

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