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DBMS > Neo4j vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison Neo4j vs. SQLite

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Our visitors often compare Neo4j and SQLite with MongoDB, Microsoft SQL Server and Redis.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen source graph databaseWidely used embeddable, in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score52.16
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score123.17
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Websiteneo4j.comwww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationneo4j.com/­docswww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperNeo4j, Inc.Dwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release20072000
Current release4.2.3, January 20213.34.1, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaC
Server operating systemsLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
server-less
Data schemeschema-free and schema-optionalyes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsno
Triggersyes infovia event handleryes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlynone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)no
More information provided by the system vendor
Neo4jSQLite
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

Top 10 Use Cases: Empowering Network and IT Operations Management
22 February 2021

This Week in Neo4j – Structured data embedded in web pages, Speaker Listener LPA, Neo4j at NASA
20 February 2021

Graphs for Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning
18 February 2021

Top 10 Use Cases: Supply Chain Management
15 February 2021

This Week in Neo4j – English WordNet Graph, Supervised Machine Learning, Using Neo4j with GraalVM
13 February 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for SQLite is a powerful and comprehensive SQLite GUI that provides a complete set of functions for database management and development.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Neo4jSQLite
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

show all

Big gains for Relational Database Management Systems in DB-Engines Ranking
2 February 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

Neo4j Continues Exceptional Growth in 2020, Bolstered by Customer Wins, Mainstream Adoption and Community Expansion
17 February 2021, PRNewswire

Introducing Neo4j Aura Enterprise: The Cloud Graph Database Chosen by Leading Brands
27 January 2021, PRNewswire

Neo4j brings Graph Database to the Cloud -
28 January 2021, Enterprise Times

Graph Database Market Latest Technological Advancements 2026: IBM, Microsoft, Oracle, AWS, Neo4j, OrientDB, TIBCO, Franz, OpenLink Software, MarkLogic, TigerGraph, DataStax, Ontotext, Stardog, Cray, ArangoDB , Bitnine, Objectivity, Memgraph, Cambridge Semantics, Fluree, and Blazegraph. – NeighborWebSJ
22 February 2021, NeighborWebSJ

Graph Databases Software Market to have a Major Impact on the Market During 2021-2027 | Neo4j, ArangoDB, SAP, Twitter, The Apache Software Foundation – FLA News
23 February 2021, FLA News

provided by Google News

SQLite patches use-after-free bug that left apps open to code execution, denial-of-service exploits
17 February 2021, The Daily Swig

Open-Source Database Software Market Next Big Thing | Major Giants SQLite, Redis, Couchbase – NeighborWebSJ
23 February 2021, NeighborWebSJ

Global RDBMS Software Market 2025: Microsoft, Oracle, PostgreSQL Global Development Group, SQLite, IBM, SolarWinds IT Operations Management, Cubrid, TmaxSoft, CA Technologies, ThinkSQL, FrontBase, MonetDB, VoltDB
22 February 2021, NeighborWebSJ

Database Software Market Outlook to 2027 – Technology Prospectus by MongoDB, SQLite, FileMaker Inc., Biztree Inc, Ninox – KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper
15 February 2021, KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper

Open-Source Database Software Market 2021 Global Share, Growth by Company Overview – SQLite, Redis, Couchbase, Neo4j, MariaDB, Titan, Apache Hive, MySQL, MongoDB – Express Keeper
25 February 2021, Express Keeper

provided by Google News

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