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DBMS > Neo4j vs. SQL.JS vs. Teradata vs. Virtuoso

System Properties Comparison Neo4j vs. SQL.JS vs. Teradata vs. Virtuoso

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonSQL.JS  Xexclude from comparisonTeradata  Xexclude from comparisonVirtuoso  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsPort of SQLite to JavaScriptA hybrid cloud data analytics software platform (Teradata Vantage)Virtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Native XML DBMS
Relational DBMS
RDF store
Search engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score58.03
Rank#20  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score1.16
Rank#162  Overall
#79  Relational DBMS
Score69.13
Rank#18  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Score5.37
Rank#73  Overall
#10  Document stores
#3  Graph DBMS
#2  Native XML DBMS
#40  Relational DBMS
#2  RDF stores
#8  Search engines
Websiteneo4j.comsql.js.orgwww.teradata.comvirtuoso.openlinksw.com
Technical documentationneo4j.com/­docssql.js.org/­documentation/­index.htmldocs.teradata.comdocs.openlinksw.com/­virtuoso
DeveloperNeo4j, Inc.Alon Zakai infoenhancements implemented by othersTeradataOpenLink Software
Initial release2007201219841998
Current release4.4.3, January 2022Teradata Vantage 1.0 MU2, January 201908.03.3316, March 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaJavaScriptC
Server operating systemsLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)hosted
Linux
AIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-free and schema-optionalyesyesyes infoSQL - Standard relational schema
RDF - Quad (S, P, O, G) or Triple (S, P, O)
XML - DTD, XML Schema
DAV - freeform filesystem objects, plus User Defined Types a/k/a Dynamic Extension Type
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes
Secondary indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes infoJoin-index to prejoin tables, aggregate index, sparse index, hash indexyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supportedyes infoSQL 2016 + extensionsyes infoSQL-92, SQL-200x, SQL-3, SQLX
APIs and other access methodsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
JavaScript API.NET Client API
HTTP REST
JDBC
JMS Adapter
ODBC
OLE DB
ADO.NET
GeoSPARQL
HTTP API
JDBC
Jena RDF API
ODBC
OLE DB
RDF4J API
RESTful HTTP API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SOAP webservices
SPARQL 1.1
WebDAV
XPath
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
JavaScriptC
C++
Cobol
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
Perl
PL/1
Python
R
Ruby
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsnoyes infoUDFs, stored procedures, table functions in parallelyes infoVirtuoso PL
Triggersyes infovia event handlernoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes using Neo4j FabricnoneSharding infoHashingyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlynoneMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Chain, star, and bi-directional replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
noneImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesno infoexcept by serializing a db to a fileyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)nofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardFine-grained Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC) in addition to typical coarse-grained Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) according to SQL-standard. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
Neo4jSQL.JSTeradataVirtuoso
Specific characteristicsNeo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Virtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Performance & Scale — as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Used for — Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Broad use across enterprises and governments including — European Union (EU) US Government...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Largest installed-base ​of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
Available in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j – Web3, NFTs, PHP Dev, and Sports Data Science
22 January 2022

Category Creation: Emil Eifrem’s Virtuous Cycle & Four Tips for Success
20 January 2022

Neo4j in the News – Winter Edition: Neo4j Growth, Big Data, and Cybercrime
19 January 2022

Doctor.ai, a Voice Chatbot for Healthcare, Powered by Neo4j and AWS
18 January 2022

This Week in Neo4j – Start Your Graph
15 January 2022

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
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» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Neo4jSQL.JSTeradataVirtuoso
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

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New kids on the block: database management systems implemented in JavaScript
1 December 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

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Teradata is the most popular data warehouse DBMS
2 April 2013, Paul Andlinger

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Recent citations in the news

Migrating Neo4j Graph Schemas with Neo4j Migrations
28 December 2021, InfoQ.com

Neo4j raises Neo$325M as graph-based data analysis takes hold in enterprise
17 June 2021, TechCrunch

Graph Databases Software Market 2021 to 2027 Global Analysis by Top Industry Players Neo4j, ArangoDB, SAP, Twitter, The Apache Software Foundation – The Oxford Spokesman
24 January 2022, The Oxford Spokesman

Global GPU Database Market 2021 – Industry Developments, Outlook, Current Trends by 2027 – Discovery Sports Media
18 January 2022, Discovery Sports Media

Graph database company Neo4j launches free fully-managed cloud service
3 November 2021, VentureBeat

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SQLite On The Web: Absurd-sql
24 August 2021, Hackaday

Meet AlaSQL, a speedy SQL database for JavaScript
15 January 2019, JAXenter

LokiJS - A JavaScript Database
18 November 2014, iProgrammer

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Teradata Becomes Oversold (TDC)
24 January 2022, Nasdaq

Teradata Announces Creation of New Global Customer Services Organization Dedicated to Maximizing Customer Success and Value
11 January 2022, Business Wire

Telefónica España Selects Teradata Vantage in the Cloud for Flexible and Scalable Analytics Environment
18 January 2022, Business Wire

Teradata Corporation - Consensus Indicates Potential 41.0% Upside
23 January 2022, DirectorsTalk Interviews

Teradata to Announce Fiscal Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2021 Financial Results
13 January 2022, The Bakersfield Californian

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