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DBMS > Neo4j vs. SAP HANA vs. TypeDB

System Properties Comparison Neo4j vs. SAP HANA vs. TypeDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparisonTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud serviceTypeDB is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score57.87
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score55.28
Rank#20  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Score0.82
Rank#194  Overall
#18  Graph DBMS
#95  Relational DBMS
Websiteneo4j.comwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.htmlvaticle.com
Technical documentationneo4j.com/­docshelp.sap.com/­hanadocs.vaticle.com
DeveloperNeo4j, Inc.SAPGrakn Labs / Vaticle
Initial release200720102016
Current release4.3.4, September 20212.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 20202.3, July 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercialOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoalso available as a cloud based serviceno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaJava
Server operating systemsLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Appliance or cloud-serviceLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-free and schema-optionalyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesno
APIs and other access methodsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
JDBC
ODBC
console (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsSQLScript, Rno
Triggersyes infovia event handleryesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes using Neo4j FabricyesSharding infoby using Cassandra
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyyesMulti-source replication infoby using Cassandra
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeper
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyesno infosubstituted by the relationship feature
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)yesyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progress
More information provided by the system vendor
Neo4jSAP HANATypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
Specific characteristicsNeo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
TypeDB is a database technology that serves as the knowledge base foundation to intelligent...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Expressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of TypeDB allows for modelling...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Life sciences : TypeDB makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
AGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
News

Jim Webber with Asurion’s Julie Fisher on Her Singular Path to Graph
14 October 2021

This Week in Neo4j – GDS 1.7 Features, Knowledge Graph with Spark and Neo4j, Digital Nomad Travel Logs, Link Predictions, Load Data Into AuraDB
9 October 2021

Combining Knowledge Graph and Graph Algorithms to Find Hidden Skills at NASA
8 October 2021

It’s Officially Fall: Let’s Catch Up on What You Missed This Summer
7 October 2021

This Week in Neo4j – Graphlytic Styles, Graphileon API Endpoints, O’Reilly Knowledge Graphs Course, Twitter Hashtags, Kafka with Neo4j AuraDB, Collatz Conjecture, Reactive Neo4j Spring Data
2 October 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more
CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Neo4jSAP HANATypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
DB-Engines blog posts

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12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

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Recent citations in the news

Neo4J Releases Graph Data Science Library, Look For New Updates
24 September 2021, Analytics India Magazine

Neo4j raises Neo$325M as graph-based data analysis takes hold in enterprise
17 June 2021, TechCrunch

ArangoDB advances graph database fortunes with new funding
6 October 2021, TechTarget

Graph Database Market Size, Outlook and Key Companies – Amazon Web Services, Franz, IBM, Microsoft, Neo4j, OpenLink Software – Otterbein 360
14 October 2021, Otterbein 360

Eight Roads launches its fourth fund: $450M aimed at European/Israeli scaleups
5 October 2021, TechCrunch

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What's next for SAP HANA 1.0 users
21 September 2021, TechTarget

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28 September 2021, WFMZ Allentown

SAP HANA and S4HANA Market Size, Share, Statistics, Trends, Types, Applications, Analysis and Forecast to 2028 – Otterbein 360
13 October 2021, Otterbein 360

ReleaseOwl Gives SAP Customers Infrastructure Monitoring Capabilities
22 September 2021, Database Trends and Applications

Power Partnerships and Tech For Good IBM Power Systems & SAP HANA
17 September 2021, BBN Times

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29 July 2021, hackernoon.com

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29 July 2021, hackernoon.com

Object Recognition With SPOT from Boston Robotics
10 December 2020, hackernoon.com

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