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DBMS > Neo4j vs. SAP HANA vs. TinkerGraph

System Properties Comparison Neo4j vs. SAP HANA vs. TinkerGraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparisonTinkerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud serviceA lightweight, in-memory graph engine that serves as a reference implementation of the TinkerPop3 API
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score55.84
Rank#20  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score51.34
Rank#23  Overall
#16  Relational DBMS
Score0.49
Rank#270  Overall
#21  Graph DBMS
Websiteneo4j.comwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.htmltinkerpop.apache.org/­docs/­current/­reference/­#tinkergraph-gremlin
Technical documentationneo4j.com/­docshelp.sap.com/­hana
DeveloperNeo4j, Inc.SAP
Initial release200720102009
Current release5.3, December 20222.0 SPS06 (March 4, 2022), March 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoalso available as a cloud based serviceno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaJava
Server operating systemsLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Appliance or cloud-service
Data schemeschema-free and schema-optionalyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesno
APIs and other access methodsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
JDBC
ODBC
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Groovy
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsSQLScript, Rno
Triggersyes infovia event handleryesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes using Neo4j Fabricyesnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyyesnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistencynone
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyesyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesno
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesoptional
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)yesno
More information provided by the system vendor
Neo4jSAP HANATinkerGraph
Specific characteristicsNeo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j: VS Code Extension, Geospatial Data, Closeness Centrality, Project Management, and More!
28 January 2023

How to Graph an ERP System in 3 Easy Steps
26 January 2023

Graph Analytics: The Future in Data Science?
25 January 2023

This Week in Neo4j: OpenAI, Deploying on GCP, Neodash, Graph Algorithms, Python, and More
21 January 2023

Enabling Low/No Code Engineering Experience and Operationalizing Information Models
20 January 2023

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more
CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Neo4jSAP HANATinkerGraph
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