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DBMS > Neo4j vs. Riak KV vs. RocksDB vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Neo4j vs. Riak KV vs. RocksDB vs. Stardog

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonRiak KV  Xexclude from comparisonRocksDB  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen source graph databaseDistributed, fault tolerant key-value storeEmbeddable persistent key-value store optimized for fast storage (flash and RAM)Enterprise Knowledge Graph and graph DBMS with high availability and high performance reasoning
Primary database modelGraph DBMSKey-value store infowith links between data sets and object tags for the creation of secondary indexesKey-value storeGraph DBMS
RDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score51.66
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score5.39
Rank#59  Overall
#9  Key-value stores
Score2.61
Rank#97  Overall
#18  Key-value stores
Score0.81
Rank#165  Overall
#13  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Websiteneo4j.combasho.com/­products/­riak-kvrocksdb.orgwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationneo4j.com/­docsgithub.com/­facebook/­rocksdb/­wikiwww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperNeo4j, Inc.Basho TechnologiesFacebook, Inc.Stardog-Union
Initial release2007200920132010
Current release4.0.0, January 20202.1.0, April 20156.5.3, January 20206.2.3, July 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache version 2, commercial enterprise editionOpen Source infoBSDcommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaErlangC++Java
Server operating systemsLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-free and schema-optionalschema-freeschema-freeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnonoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucenerestrictednoyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLnononoSPARQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
HTTP API
Native Erlang Interface
C++ API
Java API
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C infounofficial client library
C#
C++ infounofficial client library
Clojure infounofficial client library
Dart infounofficial client library
Erlang
Go infounofficial client library
Groovy infounofficial client library
Haskell infounofficial client library
Java
JavaScript infounofficial client library
Lisp infounofficial client library
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala infounofficial client library
Smalltalk infounofficial client library
C++
Java
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsJavaScript and Erlangnouser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersyes infovia event handleryes infopre-commit hooks and post-commit hooksnoyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infono "single point of failure"nonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyselectable replication factornoneMaster-master replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Eventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsno infolinks between data sets can be storednoyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoyesACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)nonoAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Neo4jRiak KVRocksDBStardog
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Stardog is a knowledge graph platform backed by a performant, scalable graph database....
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Stardog is uniquely designed to aid in data integration for your complex data. Benefits...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j – Managing Multiple Databases, When and how to implement Sharding, Building Possibility Spaces with Neo4j and ReactJS, Australian Open Graph
25 January 2020

This Week in Neo4j – Discovering the Soul of a Product, UK Singles Chart Graph, Building Real-Time UIs with Kafka and Vue.js
18 January 2020

Creating Aha Moments for Developers: The 5-Minute Interview with Jennifer Reif, Developer Relations Engineer at Neo4j
17 January 2020

Graphs to Fight Diabetes
15 January 2020

This Week in Neo4j – Analyzing .NET Dependencies, Coloring a Sudoku Graph, Christmas Messages Graph, Making Graph Algorithms ‘Clique’
11 January 2020

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Neo4jRiak KVRocksDBStardog
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

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2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

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Conferences and events

GraphConnect 2020
New York, USA, 20-22 April 2020

Recent citations in the news

Neo4j the graph database
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Basho, Maker of Riak NoSQL Database, Raises $25M
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