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DBMS > Neo4j vs. Redis vs. Solr

System Properties Comparison Neo4j vs. Redis vs. Solr

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparisonSolr  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsPopular in-memory data platform used as a cache, message broker, and database that can be deployed on-premises, across clouds, and hybrid environments infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.A widely used distributed, scalable search engine based on Apache Lucene
Primary database modelGraph DBMSKey-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistenceSearch engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store infowith RedisJSON
Graph DBMS infowith RedisGraph
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infowith RediSearch
Time Series DBMS infowith RedisTimeSeries
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score58.03
Rank#20  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score177.98
Rank#6  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Score58.53
Rank#19  Overall
#3  Search engines
Websiteneo4j.comredis.com
redis.io
lucene.apache.org/­solr
Technical documentationneo4j.com/­docsdocs.redis.com/­latest/­index.html
redis.io/­documentation
lucene.apache.org/­solr/­resources.html
Social network pagesFacebookLinkedInTwitterYouTubeDiscord
DeveloperNeo4j, Inc.Redis project core team, inspired by Salvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis Inc.Apache Software Foundation
Initial release200720092006
Current release4.4.3, January 20226.2.6, October 20218.11.1, December 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infosource-available extensions (modules), commercial licenses for Redis EnterpriseOpen Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
  • Redis Enterprise Cloud: Instantly scale and pay only for the resources you need - on any cloud - AWS, Azure or Google Cloud.
  • ScaleGrid for Redis: Fully managed hosting for Redis on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaCJava
Server operating systemsLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
All OS with a Java VM inforuns as a servlet in servlet container (e.g. Tomcat, Jetty is included)
Data schemeschema-free and schema-optionalschema-freeyes infoDynamic Fields enables on-the-fly addition of new fields
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyespartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexesyes infosupports customizable data types and automatic typing
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes infowith RediSearch moduleyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoSolr Parallel SQL Interface
APIs and other access methodsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
proprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization ProtocolJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
.Net
Erlang
Java
JavaScript
any language that supports sockets and either XML or JSON
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsLua; Redis Functions coming in Redis 7 (slides and Github)Java plugins
Triggersyes infovia event handlerpublish/subscribe channels provide some trigger functionality; RedisGearsyes infoUser configurable commands triggered on index changes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes using Neo4j FabricSharding infoAutomatic hash-based sharding with support for hash-tags for manual shardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
Source-replica replication infoChained replication is supported
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnothrough RedisGearsspark-solr: github.com/­lucidworks/­spark-solr and streaming expressions to reduce
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Eventual Consistency
Causal consistency can be enabled in Active-Active databases
Strong consistency with Redis Raft
Strong eventual consistency with Active-Active
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDAtomic execution of command blocks and scripts and optimistic lockingoptimistic locking
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoData access is serialized by the serveryes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logsyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access Control Lists (ACLs): redis.io/­topics/­acl
LDAP and Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) for Redis Enterprise
Mutual TLS authentication: redis.io/­topics/­encryption
Password-based authentication
yes
More information provided by the system vendor
Neo4jRedisSolr
Specific characteristicsNeo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
The Redis real-time data platform builds upon the unmatched simplicity and speed...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Redis Enterprise is a robust in-memory database platform built by the people who...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Redis Enterprise is used by large enterprise, startup, and government organizations...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Verizon, Vodafone, Atlassian, Trip Advisor, Jet.com, Nokia, Samsung, HTC, Docker,...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Most launched Docker container per day according to Docker Hub (7.2M launches per...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
Redis Enterprise Cloud lets users scale up and down instantly, and pay only for the...
» more
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We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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