DBMS > Neo4j vs. Redis vs. ScyllaDB
System Properties Comparison Neo4j vs. Redis vs. ScyllaDB
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||Neo4j Xexclude from comparison||Redis Xexclude from comparison||ScyllaDB Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||Scalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offerings||Popular in-memory data platform used as a cache, message broker, and database that can be deployed on-premises, across clouds, and hybrid environments Redis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.||Cassandra and DynamoDB compatible wide column store|
|Primary database model||Graph DBMS||Key-value store Multiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistence||Wide column store|
|Secondary database models||Document store with RedisJSON|
Graph DBMS with RedisGraph
Search engine with RediSearch
Time Series DBMS with RedisTimeSeries
|Social network pages|
|Developer||Neo4j, Inc.||Redis project core team, inspired by Salvatore Sanfilippo Development sponsored by Redis Inc.||ScyllaDB|
|Current release||5.12, September 2023||7.2.0, August 2023||ScyllaDB Open Source 5.0, July 2022|
|License Commercial or Open Source||Open Source GPL version3, commercial licenses available||Open Source source-available extensions (modules), commercial licenses for Redis Enterprise||Open Source Open Source (AGPL), commercial license available|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
|Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.||Scylla Cloud: Create real-time applications that run at global scale with Scylla Cloud, the industry’s most powerful NoSQL DBaaS|
|Implementation language||Java, Scala||C||C++|
|Server operating systems||Linux Can also be used server-less as embedded Java database.|
Windows ported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
|Data scheme||schema-free and schema-optional||schema-free||schema-free|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||partial Supported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexes||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||no||no|
|Secondary indexes||yes pluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucene||yes with RediSearch module||yes cluster global secondary indices|
|SQL Support of SQL||no||no||SQL-like DML and DDL statements (CQL)|
|APIs and other access methods||Bolt protocol|
Cypher query language
Neo4j-OGM Object Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
|proprietary protocol RESP - REdis Serialization Protocol||Proprietary protocol (CQL) compatible with CQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)|
RESTful HTTP API (DynamoDB compatible)
|Supported programming languages||.Net|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||yes User defined Procedures and Functions||Lua; Redis Functions coming in Redis 7 (slides and Github)||yes, Lua|
|Triggers||yes via event handler||publish/subscribe channels provide some trigger functionality; RedisGears||no|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||yes using Neo4j Fabric||Sharding Automatic hash-based sharding with support for hash-tags for manual sharding||Sharding|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||Causal Clustering using Raft protocol available in in Enterprise Version only||Multi-source replication with Redis Enterprise Pack|
Source-replica replication Chained replication is supported
|selectable replication factor Representation of geographical distribution of servers is possible|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||through RedisGears||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup|
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Causal consistency can be enabled in Active-Active databases
Strong consistency with Redis Raft
Strong eventual consistency with Active-Active
Tunable Consistency can be individually decided for each write operation
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||yes Relationships in graphs||no||no|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID||Atomic execution of command blocks and scripts and optimistic locking||no Atomicity and isolation are supported for single operations|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes Data access is serialized by the server||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes Configurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logs||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||yes||yes in-memory tables|
|User concepts Access control||Users, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)||Access Control Lists (ACLs): redis.io/docs/management/security/acl|
LDAP and Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) for Redis Enterprise
Mutual TLS authentication: redis.io/docs/management/security/encryption
|Access rights for users can be defined per object|
|More information provided by the system vendor|
|Specific characteristics||Neo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...|
|The Redis real-time data platform builds upon the unmatched simplicity and speed...|
|ScyllaDB is the database for data-intensive apps that require high performance and...|
|Competitive advantages||Neo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...|
|Redis Enterprise is a robust in-memory database platform built by the people who...|
|Highly-performant (efficiently utilizes full resources of a node and network; millions...|
|Typical application scenarios||Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...|
|Redis Enterprise is used by large enterprise, startup, and government organizations...|
|ScyllaDB is ideal for applications that require high throughput and low latency at...|
|Key customers||Over 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...|
|Verizon, Vodafone, Atlassian, Trip Advisor, Jet.com, Nokia, Samsung, HTC, Docker,...|
|Discord, Epic Games, Expedia, Zillow, Comcast, Disney+ Hotstar, Samsung, ShareChat,...|
|Market metrics||Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...|
|Most launched Docker container per day according to Docker Hub (7.2M launches per...|
|ScyllaDB typically offers ~75% total cost of ownership savings, with ~5X higher throughput...|
|Licensing and pricing models||GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...|
|Redis Enterprise Cloud lets users scale up and down instantly, and pay only for the...|
|ScyllaDB Open Source - free open source software (AGPL) ScyllaDB Enterprise - subscription-based...|
Neo4j Is Now AWS PrivateLink Service Ready
|Related products and services|
|3rd parties||Read the Redis NoSQL benchmark report.|
CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
Redisson PRO: The ultra-fast Redis Java Client.
Aiven for Redis: Store and access your data quickly and efficiently.
Navicat for Redis: the award-winning Redis management tool with an intuitive and powerful graphical interface.
We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.
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