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DBMS > Neo4j vs. RavenDB vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Neo4j vs. RavenDB vs. Stardog

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonRavenDB  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsOpen Source Operational and Transactional Enterprise NoSQL Document DatabaseEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualization
Primary database modelGraph DBMSDocument storeGraph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsGraph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score58.03
Rank#20  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score3.25
Rank#96  Overall
#16  Document stores
Score1.89
Rank#124  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Websiteneo4j.comravendb.netwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationneo4j.com/­docsravendb.net/­docsdocs.stardog.com
DeveloperNeo4j, Inc.Hibernating RhinosStardog-Union
Initial release200720102010
Current release4.4.3, January 20225.3, November 20217.3.0, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoAGPL version 3, commercial license availablecommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaC#Java
Server operating systemsLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
macOS
Raspberry Pi
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-free and schema-optionalschema-freeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query language (RQL)Yes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Server
APIs and other access methodsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
.NET Client API
Java Client API
Python Client API
RESTful HTTP API
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsyesuser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersyes infovia event handleryesyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes using Neo4j FabricShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoMapReduce functions can be defined in Linqno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Eventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsnoyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID, Cluster-wide transaction availableACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access control on document level using the Authorization BundleAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Neo4jRavenDBStardog
Specific characteristicsNeo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
RavenDB is the pioneer NoSQL Document Database that is fully transactional (ACID)...
» more
Stardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
RavenDB is easy to setup and secure. You can do it in a matter of minutes . Easy...
» more
Stardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
IoT for Edge Deployments Fraud Detection Recommendation Engines Product Catalogs...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Toyota, Capgemini, Vodafone, Medicaid, Asos, Nomura, RMS Automotive, MSNBC, Pluralsight,...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
2 million+ downloads 1000+ customers including Fortune 500 large enterprises
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
RavenDB is available on-premise and in the cloud. RavenDB Cloud is available on AWS...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
News

GeneWeaver: Building a Graph to Map Variants to Genes Using Neo4j 4.x and Bulk Import
25 January 2022

This Week in Neo4j – Web3, NFTs, PHP Dev, and Sports Data Science
22 January 2022

Category Creation: Emil Eifrem’s Virtuous Cycle & Four Tips for Success
20 January 2022

Neo4j in the News – Winter Edition: Neo4j Growth, Big Data, and Cybercrime
19 January 2022

Doctor.ai, a Voice Chatbot for Healthcare, Powered by Neo4j and AWS
18 January 2022

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Neo4jRavenDBStardog
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

show all

Recent citations in the news

Neo4j Closes Banner Year Marked by Customer Successes, Continued Industry Validation, Community Engagement, and Major Funding
25 January 2022, PRNewswire

Migrating Neo4j Graph Schemas with Neo4j Migrations
28 December 2021, InfoQ.com

Graph Databases Software Market 2021 to 2027 Global Analysis by Top Industry Players Neo4j, ArangoDB, SAP, Twitter, The Apache Software Foundation – The Oxford Spokesman
24 January 2022, The Oxford Spokesman

Neo4j raises Neo$325M as graph-based data analysis takes hold in enterprise
17 June 2021, TechCrunch

Graph database company Neo4j launches free fully-managed cloud service
3 November 2021, VentureBeat

provided by Google News

NoSQL Software Market Is Likely to Experience a Tremendous Growth in Near Future | MongoDB, Amazon, ArangoDB, Azure Cosmos DB, Couchbase
10 January 2022, Digital Journal

RavenDB outperforms Couchbase, saving 85% of storage budget
14 April 2021, TechGenix

How to create a new database with RavenDB
6 January 2021, TechRepublic

RavenDB 5 Improves Distributed Time-Series, Document Compression, and Indexing
3 August 2020, InfoQ.com

Interview with RavenDB Founder Oren Eini
31 August 2020, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

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