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DBMS > Neo4j vs. RDF4J vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison Neo4j vs. RDF4J vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.Cloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRDF storeRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score55.43
Rank#20  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score1.26
Rank#194  Overall
#8  RDF stores
Score115.65
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Websiteneo4j.comrdf4j.orgwww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationneo4j.com/­docsrdf4j.org/­documentationdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperNeo4j, Inc.Since 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.Snowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release200720042014
Current release5.3, December 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaJava
Server operating systemsLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
hosted
Data schemeschema-free and schema-optionalyes infoRDF Schemasyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes
Secondary indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes
APIs and other access methodsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Java
PHP
Python
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsyesuser defined functions
Triggersyes infovia event handleryesno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes using Neo4j Fabricnoneyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlynoneyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoIsolation support depends on the API usedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as wellyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)noUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication
More information provided by the system vendor
Neo4jRDF4J infoformerly known as SesameSnowflake
Specific characteristicsNeo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

Announcing Neo4j Graph Data Science 2.3
1 February 2023

This Week in Neo4j: VS Code Extension, Geospatial Data, Closeness Centrality, Project Management, and More!
28 January 2023

How to Graph an ERP System in 3 Easy Steps
26 January 2023

Graph Analytics: The Future in Data Science?
25 January 2023

This Week in Neo4j: OpenAI, Deploying on GCP, Neodash, Graph Algorithms, Python, and More
21 January 2023

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Neo4jRDF4J infoformerly known as SesameSnowflake
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3 January 2023, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

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Recent citations in the news

How to install the Neo4j Desktop app and connect it to a remote server
2 February 2023, TechRepublic

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4 January 2023, PR Newswire

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2 February 2023, Enterprise Times

Snowflake Acquisition Expands Legacy Data Conversion Offerings
20 January 2023, CRN

Cordial Enhances First-Party Data Capabilities on Snowflake ...
24 January 2023, PR Newswire

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23 January 2023, eWeek

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2 February 2023, TechCrunch

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