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DBMS > Neo4j vs. PostgreSQL vs. Tibero

System Properties Comparison Neo4j vs. PostgreSQL vs. Tibero

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonTibero  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen source graph databaseWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLA secure RDBMS, designed for easy portability from Oracle
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score50.18
Rank#21  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score536.77
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score2.05
Rank#123  Overall
#61  Relational DBMS
Websiteneo4j.comwww.postgresql.orgwww.tmaxsoft.com/­products/­tibero
Technical documentationneo4j.com/­docswww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manualstechnet.tmaxsoft.com/­upload/­download/­online/­tibero/­pver-20150504-000002/­index.html
DeveloperNeo4j, Inc.PostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerTmaxSoft
Initial release20071989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL2003
Current release4.1.1, July 202012.3, May 20206, April 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoBSDcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJava, ScalaCC and Assembler
Server operating systemsLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-free and schema-optionalyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.yes
Secondary indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infostandard with numerous extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Tibero CLI
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Cobol
Java
Objective-C
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.Persistent Stored Procedure (PSM)
Triggersyes infovia event handleryesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonepartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashhorizontal partitioning infoby range, hash, list or composite
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlySource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono infoplanned for next version
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard (SQL 92, SQL 99)
More information provided by the system vendor
Neo4jPostgreSQLTibero
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

Building a Graph of History with The Codex
5 August 2020

This Week in Neo4j – Exploring DBpedia with neosemantics, Graph Database Based Apps, New Elixir driver
1 August 2020

#GraphCast: How to Solve a Crime with Graph Theory
31 July 2020

Neo4j Bloom Tips and Tricks for Domain Knowledge Experts
29 July 2020

Introducing Neo4j Partner Program: An Interview with Matt Connon
27 July 2020

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
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DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

show all

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

Conferences and events

PostgreSQL Online Trainings
Online Training Courses, 4 May 2020 - 11 December 2020

Recent citations in the news

Graph Analytics Market Growing at a CAGR 34.0% | Key Player Microsoft, IBM, AWS, Oracle, Neo4j
15 July 2020, Virtual-Strategy Magazine

Embedded Database System Market Size, Status and Growth Opportunities by 2020-2025: Actian, Apache, Neo4j
4 August 2020, Owned

Neo4j 4.0 adds enterprise Fabric to its graph database
4 February 2020, ZDNet

Neo4j Updates Graph Database -- ADTmag
6 February 2020, ADT Magazine

GPU Database Market Report Covering Products, Financial Information, Developments, SWOT Analysis And Strategies Employed By Global Top Companies | Nvidia, Kinetica DB, OmniSci ,Neo4j
3 August 2020, Reports Watch

provided by Google News

Crunchy Certified PostgreSQL 12 Achieves In Evaluation Status for Common Criteria Certification
21 July 2020, PRNewswire

Using logical replication to replicate managed Amazon RDS for PostgreSQL and Amazon Aurora to self-managed PostgreSQL
29 July 2020, idk.dev

maintain a postgresql database using osm2pgsql - Linux & Unix
3 August 2020, BleepingComputer

EDB Growth Accelerates With 65 Percent Increase in Subscription Revenue; 4300 Registrations for Postgres Vision
31 July 2020, Business Wire

PostgreSQL Multi-Model Graph Extension Announced
13 July 2020, iProgrammer

provided by Google News

TmaxSoft to Supply Database Management Software to Hyundai and Kia
25 June 2019, PRNewswire

TmaxSoft is using clear licensing to woo Oracle database users
15 August 2016, PCWorld

TmaxData to supply database management software to Hyundai, Kia
12 June 2019, Korea Times

Hyundai and Kia Say Good-bye to Oracle and Choose Tmax as DBMS Vendor
13 June 2019, BusinessKorea

JumpMind Releases SymmetricDS Pro 3.10 Data Replication Software
10 May 2019, PR Web

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Marketing Communications Generalist - Contract-to-Hire (Remote)
Neo4j, United States

Global Demand Generation Campaign Manager (Contract-to-Hire)
Neo4j, United States

Data Analyst
Kharon, Los Angeles, CA

Data Analytics Solutions Analyst - Junior
CACI, Washington, DC

Enterprise Account Executive
Neo4j, Boston, MA

Database Developer w/strong Postgres Skills-3
Nelson Interactive, California

Dynamic Recitation Developer
Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ

SQL DBA
Cognizant Technology Solutions, Windsor, CT

GIS Analyst
Denver Regional Council of Governments, Denver, CO

Data Technician (Full- or Part-Time)
Thasos Group, New York, NY

Software Engineer
GLOVIS America, West Point, GA

jobs by Indeed




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