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DBMS > Neo4j vs. PostgreSQL vs. Teradata

System Properties Comparison Neo4j vs. PostgreSQL vs. Teradata

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonTeradata  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen source graph databaseWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLA hybrid cloud data analytics software platform (Teradata Vantage)
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score51.34
Rank#21  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score542.40
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score75.79
Rank#14  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Websiteneo4j.comwww.postgresql.orgwww.teradata.com
Technical documentationneo4j.com/­docswww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manualsdocs.teradata.com
DeveloperNeo4j, Inc.PostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerTeradata
Initial release20071989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL1984
Current release4.1.3, October 202013.0, September 2020Teradata Vantage 1.0 MU2, January 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoBSDcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaC
Server operating systemsLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
hosted
Linux
Data schemeschema-free and schema-optionalyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.yes
Secondary indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyesyes infoJoin-index to prejoin tables, aggregate index, sparse index, hash index
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infostandard with numerous extensionsyes infoSQL 2016 + extensions
APIs and other access methodsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
.NET Client API
HTTP REST
JDBC
JMS Adapter
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C
C++
Cobol
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
Perl
PL/1
Python
R
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yes infoUDFs, stored procedures, table functions in parallel
Triggersyes infovia event handleryesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonepartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashSharding infoHashing
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlySource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Neo4jPostgreSQLTeradata
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

GRANDstack: Graphs All the Way Down
28 October 2020

Graphistania Podcast: Authors Discuss Graph Databases For Dummies
27 October 2020

This Week in Neo4j – Graph-Native Machine Learning in Neo4j, All About Super Nodes, Quick prototyping with GRAND stack
24 October 2020

#GraphCast: Graph Data Science Library
23 October 2020

Graph Visualization Just Got Easier: Introducing Neo4j Bloom 1.4!
22 October 2020

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Neo4jPostgreSQLTeradata
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

show all

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

Teradata is the most popular data warehouse DBMS
2 April 2013, Paul Andlinger

show all

Conferences and events

PostgreSQL Online Trainings
Online Training Courses, 4 May 2020 - 11 December 2020

Recent citations in the news

Neo4j Is the Choice of Leading Companies for Graph Databases in the Cloud
20 October 2020, Yahoo Finance

Neo4j Announces Graph Machine Learning Framework
27 October 2020, iProgrammer

Google, NASA, PayPal and the World Bank to Headline Neo4j's NODES 2020 Developer Conference
14 October 2020, PRNewswire

Astonishing growth in Gpu database Market Business Opportunities and Global Industry Analysis by 2026 – Top Companies Kinetica (US), OmniSci (US), SQream (US), Neo4j (US), NVIDIA (US), Brytlyt (UK), Blazegraph (US)
29 October 2020, Global Analytics Market

Learning Graph Databases Just Got a Whole Lot Easier
5 October 2020, Datanami

provided by Google News

Global RDBMS Software Market 2026 The leading Industry Players : Microsoft, Oracle, PostgreSQL Global Development Group, SQLite, IBM etc.
29 October 2020, TechnoWeekly

The year of PostgreSQL is every year
5 October 2020, Reseller News

PostgreSQL 13 advances popular open source database
1 October 2020, TechTarget

EDB Completes Acquisition of 2ndQuadrant; Becomes Largest Dedicated Provider of PostgreSQL Products and Solutions Worldwide
30 September 2020, Business Wire

RDBMS Software Market to Witness Robust Growth | Microsoft,Oracle,PostgreSQL Global Development Group,SQLite,IBM,SolarWinds IT Operations Management
28 October 2020, TechnoWeekly

provided by Google News

Teradata is Now Oversold (TDC)
26 October 2020, Nasdaq

Teradata Vantage Now Available on Google Cloud
6 October 2020, AiThority

Farmer School team wins 2020 Teradata Analytics Challenge
15 October 2020, The Miami Student

Teradata Q3 Earnings: Can NYSE:TDC Hit Its $0.30 EPS Target?
28 October 2020, The Banker's Tribune

Teradata Named to IDC FinTech Rankings Top 100
13 October 2020, Business Wire

provided by Google News

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