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DBMS > Neo4j vs. PostgreSQL vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Neo4j vs. PostgreSQL vs. Stardog

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen source graph databaseWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualization
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Graph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score52.16
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score550.96
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score1.46
Rank#137  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Websiteneo4j.comwww.postgresql.orgwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationneo4j.com/­docswww.postgresql.org/­docsdocs.stardog.com
DeveloperNeo4j, Inc.PostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerStardog-Union
Initial release20071989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL2010
Current release4.2.3, January 202113.2 , February 20217.3.0, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoBSDcommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJava, ScalaCJava
Server operating systemsLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-free and schema-optionalyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.no infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infostandard with numerous extensionsYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Server
APIs and other access methodsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.user defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersyes infovia event handleryesyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonepartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlySource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMulti-source replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyesyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Neo4jPostgreSQLStardog
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Stardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Stardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j – Information Extraction Pipeline, Chakra UI Component Library, NODES 2021
27 February 2021

Graphs in China: 5-Minute Interview with Richard Wu & George Zhang
26 February 2021

Unearthing Historical Networks Using Neo4j and Archival Documents
25 February 2021

Top 10 Use Cases: Empowering Network and IT Operations Management
22 February 2021

This Week in Neo4j – Structured data embedded in web pages, Speaker Listener LPA, Neo4j at NASA
20 February 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Neo4jPostgreSQLStardog
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

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2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

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22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

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PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

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2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

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Recent citations in the news

Neo4j Continues Exceptional Growth in 2020, Bolstered by Customer Wins, Mainstream Adoption and Community Expansion
17 February 2021, PRNewswire

Global Graph Database Market 2025: IBM, Microsoft, Oracle, AWS, Neo4j, Orientdb, Teradata, Tibco Software, Franz, OpenLink Software, Marklogic, Tigergraph, MongoDB, Cray, Datastax, Ontotext, Stardog, Arangodb, Sparcity Technologies, Bitnine, Objectivity, Cambridge Semantics, Fluree, Blazegraph, Memgraph
26 February 2021, NY Market Reports

Non-Relational Databases Market Covid 19 Analysis With Professional Study, Development Research Insights, Industry Forecast 2026 | IBM, FileMaker, Oracle, Neo4j – KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper
27 February 2021, KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper

GPU Database Market 2021-2027: Business Development Strategies by Top Industry Players | Kinetica, Omnisci, Sqream, Neo4j, Nvidia, Brytlyt, Jedox, Blazegraph, Blazingdb
27 February 2021, NY Market Reports

Graph Database Market Latest Technological Advancements 2026: IBM, Microsoft, Oracle, AWS, Neo4j, OrientDB, TIBCO, Franz, OpenLink Software, MarkLogic, TigerGraph, DataStax, Ontotext, Stardog, Cray, ArangoDB , Bitnine, Objectivity, Memgraph, Cambridge Semantics, Fluree, and Blazegraph. – NeighborWebSJ
22 February 2021, NeighborWebSJ

provided by Google News

New Monitoring Features in PostgreSQL 13
26 February 2021, DevOps.com

AWS Announces Amazon Aurora Supports PostgreSQL 12 (infoq.com)
7 February 2021, InfoQ.com

AWS and Rackspace Lose 700 PostgreSQL Databases to Oracle Autonomous Database
25 February 2021, Cloud Wars

Enterprise Data Management Market Boosting The Growth Worldwide: PostgreSQL, QuintaDB, SAP – NY Market Reports
26 February 2021, NY Market Reports

Global NoSQL Market 2020 Industry Segmentation: Microsoft SQL Server, MySQL, MongoDB, PostgreSQL, Oracle Database – KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper
24 February 2021, KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper

provided by Google News

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