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DBMS > Neo4j vs. PostgreSQL vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

System Properties Comparison Neo4j vs. PostgreSQL vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen source graph databaseWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLRDBMS database and synchronization technologies for server, desktop, remote office, and mobile environments
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score48.39
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score481.33
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score5.83
Rank#59  Overall
#33  Relational DBMS
Websiteneo4j.comwww.postgresql.orgwww.sap.com/­products/­sql-anywhere.html
Technical documentationneo4j.com/­docswww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manualshelp.sap.com/­sql-anywhere
DeveloperNeo4j, Inc.PostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerSAP infoformerly Sybase
Initial release20071989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL1992
Current release3.5.4, April 201911.5, August 201917, July 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoBSDcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJava, ScalaC
Server operating systemsLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-free and schema-optionalyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.yes
Secondary indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infostandard with numerous extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
native C library
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yes, in C/C++, Java, .Net or Perl
Triggersyes infovia event handleryesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonepartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMaster-slave replication infoDatabase mirroring
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Neo4jPostgreSQLSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

AI & Graph Technology: Connections Improve Accuracy
19 August 2019

This Week in Neo4j – 4.0 Milestone Testing, Highschool Popularity Algorithms, Minecraft Crafting Tree, Cancer Graph and Social Network Pagination
17 August 2019

#GraphCast: Better Data, Better Decisions
16 August 2019

Visualizing This Week in Tech
15 August 2019

AI & Graph Technology: How Graphs Accelerate Machine Learning
12 August 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Neo4jPostgreSQLSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

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PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

Conferences and events

GraphConnect 2020
New York, USA, 20-22 April 2020

PostgreSQL Conference, Asia 2019
Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia, 9-12 September 2019

PostgreSQL Conference, Europe 2019
Milan, Italy, 15-18 October 2019

Recent citations in the news

Neo4j and Thales bring data security to the graph database
25 July 2019, Help Net Security

Neo4j charts tighter grip on graph data-at-rest
29 July 2019, ComputerWeekly.com

Neo4j & Thales Team Up to Offer Graph Data-at-Rest Encryption
23 July 2019, PRNewswire

NEORIS Forges Global Partnership with Neo4j to Augment Human Intelligence and Data Management Capabilities at Scale
1 August 2019, PRNewswire

New Graph Database Performance Benchmark Confirms Graph Databases are Ready for Solving Real-World Business Intelligence, Data Challenges
14 August 2019, Yahoo Finance

provided by Google News

Database PostgreSQL makes transition from academia to enterprise
9 August 2019, TechHQ

After PostgreSQL, DigitalOcean now adds MySQL and Redis to its managed databases’ offering
20 August 2019, Packt Hub

Data Base Management Systems Market : Industry Perspective, Comprehensive Analysis, Size, Share, Growth by Players: Microsoft, Software AG, IBM, Oracle, PostgreSQL
13 August 2019, Insta Newsletters

DigitalOcean launches managed MySQL and Redis database services
20 August 2019, TechCrunch

Providing Postgres at scale with EnterpriseDB
8 August 2019, Tech Wire Asia

provided by Google News

SAP SQL Anywhere
13 October 2016, TechTarget

SAP gives SQL Anywhere a new IoT injection
16 July 2015, Computerworld

SAP BAPI (Business Application Programming Interface)
2 April 2018, TechTarget

Data Management and the Internet of Things
3 November 2016, CloudTweaks News

SAP IoT products: How do they work with ERP and big data?
28 December 2015, TechTarget

provided by Google News

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