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DBMS > Neo4j vs. OrientDB vs. TinkerGraph vs. Tkrzw

System Properties Comparison Neo4j vs. OrientDB vs. TinkerGraph vs. Tkrzw

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonTinkerGraph  Xexclude from comparisonTkrzw infoSuccessor of Tokyo Cabinet and Kyoto Cabinet  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)A lightweight, in-memory graph engine that serves as a reference implementation of the TinkerPop3 APIA concept of libraries, allowing an application program to store and query key-value pairs in a file. Successor of Tokyo Cabinet and Kyoto Cabinet
Primary database modelGraph DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Graph DBMSKey-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score57.87
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score4.05
Rank#82  Overall
#13  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Score0.16
Rank#295  Overall
#26  Graph DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#353  Overall
#57  Key-value stores
Websiteneo4j.comorientdb.orgtinkerpop.apache.org/­docs/­current/­reference/­#tinkergraph-gremlindbmx.net/­tkrzw
Technical documentationneo4j.com/­docswww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.html
DeveloperNeo4j, Inc.OrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAPMikio Hirabayashi
Initial release2007201020092020
Current release4.3.6, October 20213.1.9, February 20210.9.3, August 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaJavaJavaC++
Server operating systemsLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)Linux
macOS
Data schemeschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")schema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query language, no joinsnono
APIs and other access methodsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Groovy
Java
C++
Java
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsJava, Javascriptnono
Triggersyes infovia event handlerHooksnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes using Neo4j FabricShardingnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replicationnonenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocould be achieved with distributed queriesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
noneImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationship in graphsyes infoRelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesnoyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesoptionalyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infousing specific database classes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and roles; record level security configurablenono
More information provided by the system vendor
Neo4jOrientDBTinkerGraphTkrzw infoSuccessor of Tokyo Cabinet and Kyoto Cabinet
Specific characteristicsNeo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j – Speaking Cypher, Stocks, Graphaule, Discover-Aura, Wikidata, Gephi
23 October 2021

#GraphCast: Thinking About Algorithmic Bias in AI?
22 October 2021

From Graph to Knowledge Graph: Data Trends and Challenges
21 October 2021

How PwC Germany Combats Money Laundering in Crypto Space with Neo4j
19 October 2021

This Week in Neo4j –Twitch, Stackoverflow, Masterclass, Workshop
15 October 2021

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Neo4jOrientDBTinkerGraphTkrzw infoSuccessor of Tokyo Cabinet and Kyoto Cabinet
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