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DBMS > Neo4j vs. OrientDB vs. TigerGraph

System Properties Comparison Neo4j vs. OrientDB vs. TigerGraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonTigerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)A complete, distributed, parallel graph computing platform supporting web-scale data analytics in real-time
Primary database modelGraph DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score45.75
Rank#21  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score3.07
Rank#90  Overall
#16  Document stores
#6  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Score1.59
Rank#145  Overall
#13  Graph DBMS
Websiteneo4j.comorientdb.orgwww.tigergraph.com
Technical documentationneo4j.com/­docswww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.htmldocs.tigergraph.com
DeveloperNeo4j, Inc.OrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAP
Initial release200720102017
Current release5.21.2, July 20243.2.29, March 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaJavaC++
Server operating systemsLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)Linux
Data schemeschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query language, no joinsSQL-like query language (GSQL)
APIs and other access methodsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
GSQL (TigerGraph Query Language)
Kafka
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsJava, Javascriptyes
Triggersyes infovia event handlerHooksno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes using Neo4j FabricSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocould be achieved with distributed queriesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationship in graphsyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and roles; record level security configurableRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
Neo4jOrientDBTigerGraph
Specific characteristicsNeo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j: GraphRAG, Knowledge Graph, Python, Ease of Use and more
13 July 2024

The GraphRAG Manifesto: Adding Knowledge to GenAI
11 July 2024

How Election Researchers Use Graph Technology to Fight Disinformation
10 July 2024

This Week in Neo4j: Podcast, Knowledge Graph, text2cypher, Python and more
6 July 2024

This Week in Neo4j: Llamaindex, GraphRAG, Chatbot, Knowledge Graph and more
29 June 2024

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Neo4jOrientDBTigerGraph
DB-Engines blog posts

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12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

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2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

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22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

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Graph DBMS increased their popularity by 500% within the last 2 years
3 March 2015, Paul Andlinger

Graph DBMSs are gaining in popularity faster than any other database category
21 January 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

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Recent citations in the news

Neo4j eyes GenAI workloads in APAC
18 July 2024, ComputerWeekly.com

Neo4j Announces Collaboration with Microsoft to Advance GenAI and Data Solutions
26 March 2024, PR Newswire

Big data analytics with Neo4j and Java, Part 1
10 July 2024, InfoWorld

Neo4j CTO says new Graph Query Language standard will have ‘massive ripple effects’
26 April 2024, SiliconANGLE News

Neo4j Is Planning IPO on Nasdaq, Largest Owner Greenbridge Says
15 February 2024, Bloomberg

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NoSQL Databases Software Market Analysis By Top Keyplayers -
11 July 2024, openPR

The 12 Best Graph Databases to Consider for 2024
22 October 2023, Solutions Review

OrientDB: A Flexible and Scalable Multi-Model NoSQL DBMS
21 January 2022, Open Source For You

Comparing Graph Databases II. Part 2: ArangoDB, OrientDB, and… | by Sam Bell
20 September 2019, Towards Data Science

ArangoDB raises $10 million for NoSQL database management
14 March 2019, VentureBeat

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TigerGraph Unveils CoPilot, Version 4.0, and New CEO
30 April 2024, Datanami

TigerGraph unveils GenAI assistant, introduces new CEO
30 April 2024, TechTarget

How TigerGraph CoPilot enables graph-augmented AI
30 April 2024, InfoWorld

TigerGraph Bolsters DB for Enterprise Graph Workloads
1 November 2023, Datanami

TigerGraph Releases New Benchmark Report – First Time a Graph Database Tested at this Scale
26 June 2024, insideBIGDATA

provided by Google News



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