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DBMS > Neo4j vs. OrientDB vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Neo4j vs. OrientDB vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)TiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelGraph DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score57.16
Rank#18  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score4.16
Rank#81  Overall
#12  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Score2.60
Rank#104  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Websiteneo4j.comorientdb.orgpingcap.com
Technical documentationneo4j.com/­docswww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.htmldocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperNeo4j, Inc.OrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAPPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release200720102016
Current release4.3.2, July 20213.1.9, February 20215.0.1, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaJavaGo, Rust
Server operating systemsLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)Linux
Data schemeschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query language, no joinsyes
APIs and other access methodsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsJava, Javascriptno
Triggersyes infovia event handlerHooksno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes using Neo4j FabricShardinghorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replicationUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocould be achieved with distributed queriesyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationship in graphsno infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and roles; record level security configurableUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
Neo4jOrientDBTiDB
Specific characteristicsNeo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
TiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
In the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
TiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Shopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
Open Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j – DeFi Blockchain Graph, FlatData, NER with SpaCy, NODES talks on API, App Development, DevOps, GraphQL, Bloom, Visual Query Builder
24 July 2021

#GraphCast: Graph-Native Scale, the Trillion+ Relationship Graph
23 July 2021

Certified Neo4j Professional T-Shirts Are Back!
22 July 2021

This Week in Neo4j – Data Journalism NYPD, Django Admin, Visualization Talks, CEO Podcast, Write Performance, Java GraphQL
17 July 2021

Graphs4Good: Insights into Police Misconduct with Graphs
15 July 2021

TiDB Operator Source Code Reading (III): The Component Control Loop
21 July 2021

Simplifying Database Management in a Highly Automated and Scalable Cloud Environment with Google Cloud
15 July 2021

How to Efficiently Stress Test Pod Memory
13 July 2021

TiDB 5.1: Easily Build Your Mission-Critical Applications at Any Scale
9 July 2021

Announcing ISO 27001 Certification for TiDB Cloud
8 July 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Neo4jOrientDBTiDB
DB-Engines blog posts

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12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

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2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

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22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

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Graph DBMS increased their popularity by 500% within the last 2 years
3 March 2015, Paul Andlinger

Graph DBMSs are gaining in popularity faster than any other database category
21 January 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

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Recent citations in the news

Video Highlights: Emil Eifrem on the Origins of Neo4j and the Ubiquity of Graphs
27 June 2021, insideBIGDATA

14 Year Old Database Startup Raises $325M To Challenge Oracle
3 July 2021, Forbes

Non-relational's quiet revolution in databases
1 July 2021, TechRepublic

Neo4j raises Neo$325M as graph-based data analysis takes hold in enterprise
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20 July 2021, NeighborWebSJ

NoSQL Software Market 2021 Analysis by Trends, Technological Advancement, Forecast till 2028 | MongoDB, OrientDB, Amazon, Azure Cosmos DB, Couchbase, ArangoDB – The Manomet Current
25 June 2021, The Manomet Current

Graph Database Market Size Analysis And Opportunities During 2021 To 2027| OrientDB, DataStax, ArangoDB GmbH.
29 June 2021, openPR

Graph Database Market Size, Forecast, and Key Manufacturers – Amazon Web Services, Franz, IBM, Microsoft, Neo4j, OpenLink Software – The Manomet Current
23 July 2021, The Manomet Current

Graph Database Market 2019 | Strategic Assessment by Top Players: ArangoDB, Datastax Inc., Franz Inc., and More… – The Manomet Current
16 July 2021, The Manomet Current

provided by Google News

PingCAP Achieves ISO 27001 for TiDB Cloud
8 July 2021, Yahoo Finance

PingCAP announces Public Preview of TiDB Cloud USA - English USA - English
10 May 2021, PRNewswire

PingCAP, the open-source developer behind TiDB, closes $270 million Series D
17 November 2020, TechCrunch

Database services provider PingCAP's valuation surpasses USD 3 billion after financing led by Sequoia Capital and GIC | KrASIA
20 July 2021, KrASIA

PingCAP Announces TiDB Cloud, Bringing Fully-Managed TiDB Service to AWS and GCP
23 June 2020, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

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