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DBMS > Neo4j vs. OrientDB vs. Splice Machine

System Properties Comparison Neo4j vs. OrientDB vs. Splice Machine

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonSplice Machine  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)Open-Source SQL RDBMS for Operational and Analytical use cases with native Machine Learning, powered by Hadoop and Spark
Primary database modelGraph DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score58.03
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score4.40
Rank#80  Overall
#13  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Score0.87
Rank#185  Overall
#89  Relational DBMS
Websiteneo4j.comorientdb.orgsplicemachine.com
Technical documentationneo4j.com/­docswww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.htmldoc.splicemachine.com
DeveloperNeo4j, Inc.OrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAPSplice Machine
Initial release200720102014
Current release4.3.7, November 20213.1.9, February 20213.1, March 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoAGPL 3.0, commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaJavaJava
Server operating systemsLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query language, no joinsyes
APIs and other access methodsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
JDBC
Native Spark Datasource
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
R
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsJava, Javascriptyes infoJava
Triggersyes infovia event handlerHooksyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes using Neo4j FabricShardingShared Nothhing Auto-Sharding, Columnar Partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocould be achieved with distributed queriesYes, via Full Spark Integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationship in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and roles; record level security configurableAccess rights for users, groups and roles according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Neo4jOrientDBSplice Machine
Specific characteristicsNeo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

Neo4j 4.4 – The Fastest Path to Graph Database Productivity, Generally Available
2 December 2021

The Results Are In: Here Are This Year’s Graphie Award Winners
1 December 2021

What’s the ROI of a Graph Technology Investment?
30 November 2021

This Week in Neo4j – Jeremy Grignard, Pegasus, FastRP, and a Brand New Node.js Course on GraphAcademy
27 November 2021

Using a Hybrid Technique to Detect Illicit Activities in Shell Companies
22 November 2021

How to Break Data Silos to Drive Enterprise-Wide AI
11 June 2021

Point-in-Time Correctness in Machine Learning
1 June 2021

The Compliance Nightmare Lurking in Your Data Science Team
6 May 2021

Whose Job Is It Anyway?
23 April 2021

How Optimizing MLOps Can Revolutionize Enterprise AI
15 April 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Neo4jOrientDBSplice Machine
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

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Graph DBMS increased their popularity by 500% within the last 2 years
3 March 2015, Paul Andlinger

Graph DBMSs are gaining in popularity faster than any other database category
21 January 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

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Recent citations in the news

Neo4j Announces 2021 Graphie Award Winners
1 December 2021, PRNewswire

Neo4j Delivers 417% ROI in 2021 Total Economic Impact Study
18 November 2021, PRNewswire

Neo4j Will Use Funds to Expand Managed Cloud Database
9 November 2021, DevOps.com

Patrick Pichette, Inovia Partner, Former CFO at Google, and Current Twitter Board Chair, Joins Neo4j Board of Directors
9 November 2021, PRNewswire

Neo4j AuraDB Free is Now Available in Asia Pacific
15 November 2021, Data & Storage Asean

provided by Google News

Global Graph Database Market Size Witness Widespread Expansion During by 2031
3 December 2021, Taiwan News

Graph Database Market Research Report by Type, by Components, by Application, by Deployment, by Industry,
12 November 2021, Benzinga

The 12 Best Graph Databases to Consider for 2021
12 August 2021, Solutions Review

Neo4j's $325 million venture suggests databases are cool again
22 June 2021, TechRepublic

Introducing the Neo4j to OrientDB Importer
2 February 2017, DZone News

provided by Google News

Splice Machine Announces New Capabilities to Support Real-Time AI with Version 3.1 of its Scale-Out SQL Database
9 March 2021, PRNewswire

Splice Machine Launches the Splice Machine Feature Store to Simplify Feature Engineering and Democratize Machine Learning
19 January 2021, PRNewswire

Machine learning data pipeline outfit Splice Machine files for insolvency
26 August 2021, The Register

Splice Machine database travels full circle to predictive application platform
25 September 2017, ZDNet

Splice Machine Introduces New Edition of Livewire Operational AI Platform for Industrial Users
25 May 2021, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

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